Comparative Religion, Da'wah, Islam, Issues, Lesson, Life

Innovation : A Weird Allian

 

 

 

Dear innovator would you like to have a unit of third eye on your forehead for modified function?

Innovator: Extra unit of eye? Yuck! Disgusting.

Disgusting? Why? I mean your capability to capture the beauty of this world would get enhanced. Elevated tendency would upgrade your social osmosis.

Innovator: Excuse me!! You want me to become a scary alien of Hollywood having an additional organ popping between my eyes. Yucky… I don’t want to become the most googled or most photographed creature of this planet.

But what’s harm in it? Yani don’t you think you would be able to see from a four dimensional perception?

Innovator:  Not at all! The world we observe with our five senses is 3 dimensional. Two independent measurements are enough to calculate the three dimensional position of everything, which is what out brain does with the input of two eyes. More eyes would only constrain the solution. As a result we won’t be able to look at something with all three eyes and monocular vision has unstable lack of depth perception. Healthy humans and all other primates use two forward facing eyes because binocular vision gives very detailed 3D perception allowing for precise actions. 3 eyes would create complexities and hamper focusing attention on specific objects or visual events.

Masha Allah impressive! But you sound lil bit Orthodox Wahhabi kind of person having no flexibility to accommodate additional blessings in life.

Innovator: Common, it’s not a matter of good or bad, it’s a matter of natural and unnatural. Weird element or action can’t be accepted in a healthy frame no matter how beneficial it looks. By the way now you tell me if an extra visionary organ could be such a great blessing then why Allah ( swt) dint offer this gift to His Prophet ( sallalahu allai hi wassalam) and his companions to spread message of truth more effectively and efficiently ?.. Because this is against human nature and is a biological deformity having no example in previous generations. Secondly such an addition clearly contradicts Allah’s statement in which He says,

“We have certainly created man in the best stature “.[1]

Exactly my dear, this is what I wanted to explain that if an additional organ looks unnatural and causes deformity genetically , similarly unrecognized and UN-certified action no matter how beneficial or glittering it appears causes spiritual deformity and makes the face of your faith and health of your deeds diseased and disgusting. Circulation of these innovated deeds has nothing to do with the number game or appreciation or protocol because in Islam majority is not the authority, ‘TRUTH IS THE AUTHORITY’. We are not bound to practice the ignorance and misguidance of our forefathers at the name of

 “Culture or tradition’’. Allah has openly said that seniority in age and experience has never been the criteria to judge the truth. Allah says,

” When it is said to them: ” Follow what Allah has sent down”. They say: “Nay! We shall follow what we found our fathers following. “Even though their fathers did not understand anything nor were they guided?”

If you still believe that monopoly of pseudo-intellectual innovators is serving Islam and Ummah then this means you want to surprise Prophet Muhammad( sallalahu hu allai hi wassalam) by standing in front of him on the Day of Judgment and saying:

“Ya Rasool Allah ﷺ! I have been a great discoverer of some amazing righteous deeds having worth of million dollars unknown to you, your companions and even to Salaf. I have been a spiritual doctor and an ocean of knowledge for my Followers. I introduced various ‘convenient methods’ to seek pleasure of Allah, His Messenger and our Saint. Dust of my footsteps has been the cooling of their eyes. ‘Fazail-e-Amaal ‘, ‘Faizan-e-Sunnat ‘ and interpretations of Ahmad Raza Khan have been our bestselling scriptures. I celebrated the maulid and the month of Rabi- ul – Awal with great enthusiasm, fancy shows, rhythmical poems and exotic cuisines. I established a blessed festival full of fun and entertainment in your love and honor. We introduced modified Darud-e- tanjina, Darud-e-Lakhi, Darud-e-taj, Darud-e-mahi and Darud-e- gunj arsh to elaborate the blessings. We worked hard to design variety of Amulets to heal pains of people. We created artistic statues of Kabah, Nabwi Mosque, and other blessed places to seek your pleasure. I never resisted any ideology not even those who tried to distort your Honor because Islam teaches brotherhood and peace. Some jealous people created a lot of friction but I dint pause and dint destroy my blessed career and died with a symbol of  ‘ impression of your Shoe ‘on my forehead even on my grave. Ya Rasool Allah don’t you think my efforts have been commendable?            

And you know what would be the Response of Prophet ﷺ? He would say:

“The best of speech is the Book of Allah and the best of guidance is the guidance of Muhammad. The worst of things are those which are newly invented and every innovation is going astray…”[2]

“Whoever innovated something in this matter of ours that is not a part of it will have it rejected”.[3]
To conclude such mind boggling philosophies of innovators, Allah SWT would remind His Divine Truth;

‘’ or have they associates who have prescribed for them any religion that Allah does not sanction?[4]                                                                                                                                    

So, the Owners of ‘Bidah Franchise’ must ponder over Allah’s open warning and then decide their path.

“And of mankind, there are some (hypocrites) who say: “We believe in Allah and the Last Day,” while in fact they believe not. They think to deceive Allah and those who believe, while they only deceive themselves, and perceive it not! In their hearts is a disease (of doubt and hypocrisy) and Allah has increased their disease .A painful torment is theirs because they used to tell lies. And when it is said to them:” Make not mischief on the earth,” they say:” We are only peacemakers”. Verily, they are the ones who make mischief, but they perceive not”.[5]

                     WHAT ACTUALLY BID’AH IS?

The root of the word bid’ah in Arabic means initiating something without any precedent.

 For e.g, Allah SWT says,” The Originator of the heavens and the earth….’’.[6]

In the terminology of Sharee’ah, bid’ah means something that has been introduced into the religion of Allah SWT that has no general or specific basis to support it. For example, the innovated adhkaar such as saying the name of Allah on its own (Allah…. Allah…. Allaah or Hu, Hu, Hu….meaning He… He… He…). This is a fabricated act that has been innovated in the religion, intended as worship of Allah SWT, but there is no evidence of this, either specific or general. So its bid’ah as Prophet ﷺ said:

‘’Whoever does an action that is not in accordance with this matter of ours (Islam) will be rejected.’’[7]                       

Sheikh Muhammad ibn Uthaymeen said:

‘’ According to Sharee’ah, the definition of bid’ah is ‘’ Worshipping Allah SWT in ways that Allah SWT has not prescribed. If you wish you may say, ‘Worshipping Allaah SWT in ways that are not those of the Prophet ﷺ or his rightly guided successors (al- Khulafaa’al-rashidoon).’

The first definition is taken from the ayah (interpretation from the meaning):

‘’ Or have they partners with Allaah (false gods) who have instituted for them a religion which Allaah SWT has not ordained?’’ [8]

The second definition is taken from the Hadith of the Prophet ﷺ, who said:

‘’I urge you to adhere to my way (Sunnah) and the way of the rightly- guided successors who came after me. Hold fast to it and bite onto it with your eyeteeth (i.e. cling firmly to it), and beware of newly-invented matters.’’[9]   

So everyone who worships Allaah SWT in a manner that Allaah SWT has not prescribed or in a manner that is not in accordance with the way of the Prophet ﷺ or his highly guided successors, is an innovator, whether that innovated worship has to do with the names and attributes of Allaah SWT, or to do with His rulings and Laws.

With regard to the ordinary matters of habit and custom, these are not called innovation in Islam, even though they may be described as such in linguistic terms. But they are not innovations in the religious sense, and these are not the things that the Prophet ﷺ was warning us against.

And there is no such thing in Islam as bid’ah hasanah.’’[10]

Ash-Shatibi (may Allah have mercy on him) said, discussing the “innovation by addition”:

‘’The word bid‘ah refers to an invented way of doing something in Islam that is similar to what is prescribed, of which the intention is to go to extremes in worshipping Allah, may He be glorified. 

That includes regularly adhering to certain manners and forms of worship, such as reciting dhikr (remembrance of Allah SWT) together in unison, taking the birthday of the Prophet ﷺ as an Eid (festival), and so on. 

It also includes adhering to specific acts of worship at specific times that were not defined as such in Sharee’ah (Islamic law), such as always fasting on the fifteenth of Sha‘ban (an-nusf min Sha‘ban) and spending that night in prayer (qiyam).’’[11]

 Ibn Rajab al-Hanbali said:

‘’ So his ﷺ saying that “every innovation is misguidance” is from the comprehensive, concise words from which no matter (of innovation) [introduced in the religion] escapes from, and it is a mighty foundation from the foundations of the religion. It resembles his ﷺ saying “Whoever introduced into this affair of ours that which does not belong to it will have it rejected.” Hence, everyone who introduced something and ascribed it to the religion and it does not have any foundation in the religion to which it returns back to, then it is misguidance and the religion is free of it, irrespective of whether it is in the matters of belief, or actions or outward and inward statements. As for what occurs in the speech of some of the Salaf of considering some of the innovations to be good, then that is with respect to innovations with the linguistic meaning, not the Shariyah meaning and from [the examples of that] is the saying of Umar (radiallaahu anhu) when he gathered the people together for praying in Ramadan behind a single imam in the mosque.[12]

Ibn Hajar al-Asqalani said:

والمراد بقوله كل بدعة ضلالة ما أحدث ولا دليل له من الشرع بطريق خاص ولا عام
‘’ And what is intended by his saying “Every innovation is misguidance” is whatever is newly-introduced and has no evidence in the Shariyah in neither a general way nor a specific way. Fath al-Bari (13/253).
And he also said:
‘’ And “the newly invented matters” (
المحدثات), with the fathah on the daal, is the plural of novelty (محدثة) and what is intended by it is what has been newly-introduced and does not have any basis in the legislation. It is referred to in the usage of the Shariyah as innovation (بدعة). As for what has a basis indicated by the Shariyah then it is not an innovation. For “innovation” in the usage of the Shariyah is blameworthy as opposed to its usage (with its) linguistic (meaning), for everything that has been newly-invented without any prior example is named “bid’ah” irrespective of whether it is praiseworthy, or blameworthy.’’[13]
So, differing from the way of the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) and falling into bid‘ah may mean one of two things: 

  • Introducing an act of worship for which there is no basis in Islam, such as touching graves and seeking help from their occupants. The scholars call this real innovation (al-bid‘ah al-haqeeqah). This is that which was not prescribed at all. 

 

  • The act of worship may be originally prescribed in Islam, and what is contrary to the Sunnah may have to do with defining a certain time or place for it, or a certain number of times it is to be repeated, or the manner in which it is to be done or the reason for which it is to be done. This is called innovation by addition (al-bid‘ah al-idaafiyyah); it is not bid‘ah unless it is done regularly and repeatedly. If it is done only once or twice without adhering to that, then it is not bid‘ah, such as if people pray qiyam (night prayer) in congregation (jamaa‘ah) on some occasion, without thinking that there is any particular virtue in doing so. 

                                 Types of Bid’ah:

There is a common misconception among the Muslims including many scholars that Bid’ah is of two types, one of which is permissible. The following statements from a classical Muslim scholar and a contemporary scholar, refute this position:

  • Ibn-Kathir commenting on Imam Shaf’ai’s classification of Bid’ah says:

‘’ And Bid’ah is of two types. Sometimes it can be a legislative innovation (bidah shar’iyyah), such as his saying,’’ Every newly-invented matter is an innovation and every innovation is misguidance’’ and sometimes it can be a linguistic innovation ( bidah lughawiyyah), such as the saying of Amir-al-Muminin Umar bin al-Khittaab,( radiallaahu aunhu) about his bringing them together for the Tarawih prayer and their continuance upon that .’’ What an excellent innovation this is.’’[14]

  • Ahmad bin Hajar Aal Butami, explains:

‘’ As for the saying of Imam al-Shafi’i, ‘’ Bidah is of two types: praiseworthy and blameworthy. Whatever is an agreement with the Sunnah it is praiseworthy and whatever opposes the Sunnah is blameworthy,’’ the intend behind ‘’ praiseworthy innovation’’ is what has been innovated of beneficial matters relating to worldly affairs and affairs of habitation, livelihood such as those of radio, electricity, airplanes, cars and using the phone and what is similar to that of good and beneficial inventions. This is because they are not harmful (in and of themselves) and do not lead (in and of themselves) to any evil that comes to the people, or the performance of what is haraam and destroying any foundation from the foundations of the religion. And Allaah, the Sublime and Exalted, has permitted His servants to invent whatever they wish to look after their worldly interests, He, the Exalted said, ‘’ and work well that you may be successful’’.[15]

A Famous Argument to Advocate Bid’ah in Deen called ‘’ Bid’ah Hasanah’’:

 Many deviant sects use a hadith of the Prophet ﷺ as a proof for the permissibly of certain types of Bid’ah in Deen, which translates as,

‘’ Whoever revives a good Sunnah in Islam, he would revive its reward and the reward of those who practice it; while the rewards of those who practice it would not be lessened. Whoever innovates a practice in Islam, he would receive its sin and the sin of those who practice it, while the sins of those who practice it would not be lessened.’’[16]

However, the fallacy of this argument is self-evident because the Prophet ﷺ mentioned revival of Sunnah, which has no connection with Bid’ah. An often cited example used in this regard is of Hadhrath Umar (radiallaahu aunhu) when he started Taraweeh Congregation in Ramadan. Proponents of this argument say that one of the righteous Companions of the Prophet ﷺ started a new thing in the Deen. They don’t realize that Umar (radiallaahu aunhu) dint start something new, instead he revived a Sunnah of the Prophet (peace be upon him).  Prophet ﷺ offered Taraweeh prayer in Congregation a few times but dint continue this because he feared the Muslims might begin to consider it an obligation.

It is also argued that Umar (radiallaahu aunhu) said, ‘’ what a good Bid’ah this is! ’It is evident that he used this term only linguistically because he revived a Sunnah and not instituted a Bid’ah.

So, there is no such thing as a good bidah. The Prophet ﷺ specifically said that ‘’ all innovations are misguidance’’. Consider this scenario.

Al-Bukhari (2010) narrated from ‘Abd ar-Rahmaan ibn ‘Abd al-Qaari’ that he said: I went out with ‘Umar ibn al-Khattaab (may Allah be pleased with him) one night in Ramadan to the mosque, where we saw the people in scattered groups, one man praying by himself, and another man praying with a group of people following his prayer. ‘Umar said: I think that if I unite these people behind one reciter, it will be better. Then he decided to do that, so he united them behind Ubayy ibn Ka‘b. Then I went out with him on another night, and the people were all praying behind their reciter. ‘Umar said: What a good innovation this is, but what they sleep and miss is better than what they are doing – referring to prayer at the end of the night, whereas the people were praying qiyaam at the beginning of the night. 

With regard to ‘Umar’s words “what a good innovation (bid‘ah) this is”, what he meant by calling it an innovation was in the linguistic sense, i.e., it was something new that the people had never done before. 

That was because gathering the people in Ramadan every night behind one imam on a continual and organized basis had not been done before. Therefore the context indicates that what was meant was the linguistic meaning, and he did not mean it in the technical sharia sense, which means introducing something into the religion that is not part of it, whilst attributing it to the religion. Taraweeh prayer is part of the religion and is something that is prescribed and encouraged; similarly, offering this prayer in congregation is also encouraged and recommended, and the basis for that is proven in the actions and words of the Prophet ﷺ.

Point to be noted is Umar only re initiated practice that was not only existent at the time of the Prophet ﷺ but was also performed by the ﷺ himself. An action that the Prophet ﷺ performed can’t be considered bid’ah. The Prophet ﷺ did not do this action with regularity because he was afraid that Allah SWT might make it compulsory and Ummah might not be able to handle it. But once this fear of compulsory night was over after the death of the Prophet ﷺ Umar revived the Sunnah of the Prophet ﷺ and called it a good innovation. He used the word bid’ah in the linguistic meaning of the word and not the Shara’ee meaning.

  • Shaikh al-Islam Ibn Tamiyah (may Allah have mercy on him) said:

‘’ This is a description in linguistic terms, not in a technical shar‘i sense. That is because the word innovation (bid‘ah), in linguistic terms, includes everything that is introduced without precedent.

With regard to innovation (bid‘ah) in the technical, shar‘i sense, this refers to something for which there is no shar‘i evidence. 

If the words of the Messenger of Allah ﷺ indicate that something is recommended or obligatory after his death, or is indicated in general terms, even though it was not done until after his death – such as the book of charity [a document that listed the rates of zakaah on livestock] that Abu Bakr (may Allah be pleased with him) issued – then doing that action after his death may correctly be called an innovation in linguistic terms, because it was something new. 

In fact the very religion that the Prophet ﷺbrought may be called an innovation and may be called something new in linguistic terms, as the envoys of Quraish said to the Negus (ruler of Abyssinia) concerning the companions of the Prophet ﷺ who migrated to Abyssinia: These people left the religion of their forefathers and did not enter the religion of the King [i.e., Christianity]; rather they brought an innovated religion that is not known. 

Moreover, a deed which is supported by the Qur’an and Sunnah is not an innovation in shar‘i terms, even if it may be described as an innovation in linguistic terms. The word innovation is more general in meaning in the linguistic sense than in the technical shar‘i sense. 

It is known that the words of the Prophet: ﷺ “Every innovation is a going astray,” do not refer to every new thing that is done. In fact the religion of Islam – and indeed every religion brought by the Messengers – was a new thing. Rather what he meant is what is newly introduced of deeds (in the religion) that were not prescribed by him

As that is the case, they used to pray the qiyaam of Ramadan (i.e., Taraweeh) at the time of the Prophet ﷺ both in congregation and individually. He said to them on the third or fourth night, when they gathered: “Nothing prevented me from coming out to join you except the fact that I would not like it to be made obligatory for you. So pray in your houses, for the best prayer a man can offer is in his house, except the prescribed obligatory prayers.” 

So he ﷺ explained the reason why he did not come out (to lead them in Taraweeh prayers), which was the fear that it might be made obligatory. Thus it is known that the reason for his coming out to join them was still valid, and that were it not for the fear of it being made obligatory, he would have come out to join them. 

But at the time of ‘Umar’s caliphate, he (may Allah be pleased with him) united them behind a single reciter and put lamps in the mosque. This way of doing it – which was to gather in the mosque behind a single imam, with lamps in the mosque – was something that they had not done before, hence it was called an innovation, because it may be described as such in linguistic terms, but it was not an innovation in shar‘i terms, because the Sunnah indicates that it was a righteous deed, were it not for the fear that it might be made obligatory. Fear that it might be made obligatory ceased with the death of the Prophet ﷺ so there was no longer any reason not to do it.’’ [17]

  • Ibn Rajab (may Allah have mercy on him) said: 

‘’With regard to what was said by some of the earlier generations about regarding some innovations as good, that refers to innovation in the linguistic sense, not in the technical shar‘i sense. An example of that is what ‘Umar (may Allah be pleased with him) said, when he united the people in praying qiyaam in Ramadan behind a single imam in the mosque; when he came out and saw the people praying in that manner, he said: What a good innovation this is. And it was narrated from him that he said: If this is an innovation, then what a good innovation. What he meant was that this deed had not been done in this manner before this time, but it had a basis in Islamic teaching that may be referred to, such as the fact that the Prophet ﷺ used to encourage and urge people to pray qiyaam in Ramadan. At his time, the people used to pray qiyaam in the mosque, in scattered groups and individually, and he ﷺ led his companions in praying qiyaam in Ramadan for several nights. Then he stopped doing that, on the basis that he feared that it might be made obligatory for them, then they would be unable to do it, but there was no fear of that after he ﷺdied.’’[18] 

                                                                                                                                                       

  • Shaykh Ibn Baz (may Allah have mercy on him) said: 

‘’The scholars have explained that what ‘Umar meant by that was the linguistic sense, according to Arabic usage, because he united the people behind a single imam, whereas at the time of the Prophet ﷺ  and Abu Bakr as-Siddeeq they used to pray in scattered groups. During his time (may Allah be pleased with him), he united them behind a single imam; he passed by them one night as they were praying and said: What a good innovation this is, i.e., uniting them behind a single imam in an ongoing and organized fashion. 

This has to do with the linguistic meaning according to Arabic usage; he did not mean that it was an innovations in the technical, shar‘i sense. It is not possible that he (may Allah be pleased with him) could have introduced or approved of (reprehensible) innovations.’’[19] 

  • Shaykh al-Albaani (may Allah have mercy on him) said: 

‘’The words of ‘Umar, “What a good innovation this is”, do not refer to innovation in the technical shar‘i sense, which means introducing something into the religion with no precedent. Rather he was referring to innovation in a linguistic sense, which is something new that was not known before he introduced it. There can be no doubt that offering Taraweeh prayer in congregation behind a single imam was not known or practiced during the caliphate of Abu Bakr and the first half of ‘Umar’s caliphate, so in that sense it was something new. But because it was in accordance with what the Prophet ﷺ did, it is Sunnah and is not an innovation, and he only described it is good because of that.’’[20] 

                             CATEGORIES OF BID’AH:

Bid’ah can be divided into two categories:

  1. Bid’ah which constitutes Kufr
  2. Bid’ah which does not constitutes Kufr

Sheikh Hafiz al-Hukami ( may Allaah have mercy on  him) said: ‘’ The kind of bid’ah which constitutes kufr is when one denies a matter on which there is scholarly consensus, which widely-known, and which no Muslim can have any excuse for not knowing, such as denying something that is obligatory, making something obligatory that is not obligatory, or making something Haraam Halaal, or making something halaal Haraam, or believing some notion about Allaah, His Messenger and His Book when they are far above that, whether in terms of denial of affirmation- because that means disbelieving in the Qur’an and in the message with which Allaah sent His Messenger ﷺ.

Examples include the bid’ah of the Jahamiyyah, who denied the Attributes of Allaah SWT; or the notion that the Qur’an was created; or the notion that some of the Attributes of Allaah SWT were created; or the bid’ah of Qadariyyah who denied the knowledge and actions of Allaah; or the bid’ah of the Mujassimah who likened Allaah to His creation….etc

The second category which does not constitute Kufr, is defined as that which does not imply rejection of the Qur’an or of anything with which Allaah sent His Messengers.

Examples include the Marwaani bid’ahs (which were denounced by the greatest Sahaabah who did not approve of them, although they did not denounce them as Kafirs or refuse to give them bay’ah because of that), such as delaying some of the prayers until the end of the due times, doing the Eid Khutbah before the Eid prayer, delivering the Khutbah whilst sitting down on Fridays, etc.

                                                                                                (Ma’aarij al- Qubool, 2/503-504)

IS AN INNOVATOR REGARDED AS KAAFIR? :

The answer is that it depends. 

If the bid’ah constitutes kufr, then the person is one of the following two types: 

  • Either it is known that his intention is to destroy the foundations of Islam and make the Muslims doubt it. Such a person is definitely a kaafir; indeed, he is a stranger to Islam and is one of the enemies of the faith.
  • Or he is deceived and confused; he cannot be denounced as a kaafir until proof is established against him, fair and square. 

If the bid’ah does not constitute kufr, then he should not be denounced as a kaafir. Rather, he remains a Muslim, but he has done a gravely evil action. 

If you ask, how should we deal with those who commit bid’ah? 

The answer is: 

Shaykh Muhammad ibn ‘Uthaymeen (may Allaah have mercy on him) said:

“In both cases, we have to call these people – who claim to be Muslim but who commit acts of bid’ah which may constitute kufr or may be less than that – to the truth, by explaining the truth without being hostile or condemning what they are doing. But once we know that they are too arrogant to accept the truth – for Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning), ‘And insult not those whom they (disbelievers) worship besides Allaah, lest they insult Allaah wrongfully without knowledge.’ [Al-An’aam 6:108] – If we find out that they are stubborn and arrogant, then we should point out their falsehood, because then pointing out their falsehood becomes an obligation upon us. 

With regard to boycotting them, that depends upon the bid’ah. If it is a bid’ah which constitutes kufr, then it is obligatory to boycott the person who does it. If it is of a lesser degree than that, then it is essential to examine the situation further. If something may be achieved by boycotting the person, then we do it; if no purpose will be served by it, or if it will only make him more disobedient and arrogant, then we should avoid doing that, because whatever serves no purpose, it is better not to do it. And also in principle it is haraam to boycott a believer, because the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: ‘It is not permissible for a man to forsake [not speak to] his brother for more than three [days].’” [21]

                         REFLECTIONS OF BID’AH:

Innovation has been a breeding pool of intense deviation and indirectly it implies various vicious messages like:

 

  • Allah SWT dint complete this religion and there is still a room for improvements, renovations and modifications.
  • Religion remained defected from the time of Prophet ﷺ, his companions and the righteous Salaf until the time when this ‘ Scientist’ came and presented his self-carved theories and ideas.
  • Prophet ﷺ, his companions and the righteous Salaf missed out on the reward of this ‘ good innovation’ until this genius came and earned it for himself.
  • Prophet ﷺ was ‘guilty’ of either of the two things; either he was ignorant of this good innovation, or he knew about it but concealed it, thus letting his Ummah down by not convening it.
  • The methodology of Salaf proved to be complicated, contradicted the age of science and technology, inconvenient to practice, so the SHORTCUT newly invented deeds got introduced.
  • Sufism and Monasticism and mysticism are important for spiritual growth.
  • Lessons derived from the Life stories of Saints, Monks and Sufi are superior to the life histories of Companions, Salaf and great scholars.
  • Attributes and Authorities of Saints, Sufi and scholars of innovation are very much equal to the Great Attributes of Allah s.w.t, His Messenger ﷺ and His Angels.
  • Qur’an is hard to understand, so multiple interpretations are important to teach spirituality.
  • It’s important to honor the Hadith but practicing it in daily life can’t be a beneficial approach.
  • Miracles are not limited to the Prophets of Allah (s.w.t). Saints, Sufi and monks can also demonstrate such super natural acts.
  • Matter of intercession is not dependent on the Absolute Authority of Allah s.w.t on the Day of Resurrection. References and certifications of Saints and so-called righteous scholars can dominate the Divine decisions.
  • Any deed that ‘appears’ to be righteous can be added in the ideology of Islam, no matter it’s authenticated by Qur’an and Sunnah or not.
  • Saints, scholars and Sufis have the right to design, invent and dictate the ‘righteous deeds’ according to the choices and conveniences of the people.
  • Intermediaries are very imp to have connection with Allah, and without such references, repentance and supplications can’t be accepted.
  • Taking oath at the hand of any Saint and following his commands blindly is enough for salvation. Rectification of creed and performance of valid righteous deeds are not much imp.
  • Status of saints and scholars is very much equal to the Prophets of Allah( s.w.t).They have the right to command good and forbid evil according to their own scale and choices.

Opening the door to bidah leads to distorting the deen. Jews and Christians changed their scriptures to get worldly benefits and suffered Allah’s wrath. Allah (s.w.t) warns:

‘’Verily, those who conceal the clear proofs, evidences and the guidance, which We have sent down, after We have made it clear for the people in the Book, they are the ones cursed by the curses.’’[22]

‘’Verily, those who conceal what Allah has sent down of the Book, and purchase a small gain therewith (of worldly things), they eat into their bellies nothing but fire. Allah will not speak to them on the Day of Resurrection, nor purify them, and theirs will be a painful torment. ‘’[23]

 Innovators of today are simply following their footsteps.

The fragmentation and destruction of earlier nations started because they contaminated their religion trough the venom of innovation. As time passed their half-baked scholars added to and deleted from their genuine Scriptures to gain worldly benefits. As a result of this tempering the true message of Allah (s.w.t) lost its original form and a cocktail of pagan ideologies, traditions and perceptions came into circulation. The following Hadith shows the intensity of this major sin:

Adi ibn Hatim (r.a) said that he came to the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) wearing a gold cross around his neck. The Prophet (peace be upon him) said: ‘’ O ‘Ad! Throw away this idol from yourself ‘’. Then the Prophet ﷺrecited the Verse:

‘’ They (Jews and Christians) took their rabbis and their monks to be their Lords besides Allah ( by obeying them in things which they made lawful or unlawful according to their desires without being ordered by Allah) , and ( the also took as their Lord) Messiah, son of Maryam( Marry) , while the Jews and Christians were commanded ( in the Torah and the Injeel( Gospel) to worship none but llaah( God, Allah) Laa ilaha illa Huwa ( none has the right to be worshiped but He). Praise and Glory be to Him (far above is He) from having the partners they associate (with Him).’’[24]

 There is a great lesson in this Hadith that only Allah (s.w.t) has the absolute Authority to decree the Principles of prohibitions and allowance. No other being in this universe has the right to make this judgment, not even the Prophets. The rulings that we received from the Prophet were not from his own self, but were a message from Allah (s.w.t) that he delivered to us. The proof for this is the verse of Surah Najm which states:  ‘’ Nor does heﷺ speak of his own desire. It is only an inspiration that is inspire.’’ (Verse 3-4).  This Ayah makes a perfect sense because Allah (s.w.t) is our Creator and only He has the right to establish rules and regulations of Worship. How do we know which forms of worship are loved and commanded by Allah SWT? And which forms are condemned and prohibited by Allah SWT?.. The answer is very simple. Allah SWT loves all the forms of Worship which He revealed and explained to His Prophetﷺ and which the Prophetﷺ performed or ordered to perform during his life time and after his death his companions and Salaf repeated them. Similarly, Allah SWT prohibited all forms of worship which he did not ordain and which the Prophet ﷺdid not perform or order to perform nor his companions performed them. For example, you can’t propose a self-created theory that you love Allah SWT and want to please Him so you have decided to please His Creation and then you start kissing the rats and bowing to them because they are His creation. No! This is not the kind of worship Allah SWT is pleased with.

                        GOLDEN RULE IN ISLAM:  

1…  ALL Forms of worships are prohibited if not authenticated by Allah through His Qur’an and Sunnah of Prophet Muhammad ﷺ.

This means I can’t come up with my own invented or discovered or self-carved way of worshiping Allah or practicing Islam. The Qur’an and the Authentic Hadith must be a core gravity for all the religious actions a person does. For example a person can’t prostrate three times in a Rakah, because this action has no proof from Qur’an, Sunnah and methodology of Salaf. Even a Prophetﷺ has no right to legalize the laws of alcohol and pork consumption, how can a follower be allowed to add or delete or alter any micro data in the religion?

Prophetﷺ strongly commanded us to adhere to his Sunnah and the way of the Rightly-Guided Caliphs, and every kind of innovation from minor to major will be rejected and thrown back at the one who does them, and he will not be rewarded for them because it spoils the righteous deeds as vinegar spoils honey.

Abu Dawood (4607) narrated from al-‘irbaad ibn Saariyah that the Messenger of Allah ﷺsaid: “whoever among you lives after I am gone will see great differences. I urge you to adhere to my Sunnah and the way of the rightly guided Caliphs. Adhere to it and cling firmly to it. And beware of newly-innovated matters, for every newly-innovated matter is a bid’ah, and every bid’ah is a going astray.’’ [25]                         

At other place he said:

‘’ whoever does any action that is not in accordance with this matter of ours (Islam) will have it rejected’’. [26]   

Imām Sa’īd b. Al-Musayyib – Allāh have mercy on him – once saw a man praying more than two rak’ah after  the beginning of Fajr, making many bows and prostrations, and so he forbade him. The man said, “O Abu Muhammad, is Allāh going to punish me for praying?” SA’īd said, “No, but He will punish you for contradicting the Sunnah.

Al-Bayhaqī, As-Sunan Al-Kubraa 2:466. Graded sahi by Shaykh Al-Albānī. See Irwā Al-Ghalīl2:236.

Shaykh Al-Albānī writes:

This is one of the superb answers given by SA’īd b. Al-Musayyib – Allāh have mercy on him. It is a strong weapon against heretics (mubtadi’ah) who recommend many different types of religious innovation in the name of them being dhikr and prayer. They then criticize the followers of the Sunnah for criticizing them, and accuse them of censuring dhikr and prayer, when in fact [Ahl Al-Sunnah] are only criticizing the contravention of the Sunnah in matters such as dhikr and prayer.

COMMON INNOVATIONS:

  These are the commonly practiced innovations in Sub continental Societies (India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Srilanka etc) having no proofs from Qur’an, Sunnah and methodology of Salaf and are designed by Pseudo intellectuals and deviant scholars to grab worldly benefits or to breed agendas of enemies of Islam. Ponder over this check list to filter your Righteous Deeds: 

  • Uttering intention for prayer, ablution and Ghusal with tongue.
  • Saying Bismillaah before Takbeer to start Prayer and before giving Adhan.
  • Touching the earlobes or shoulders while doing Takbeer in Prayer.
  • Hanging the hands after raising then place it on chest in Prayer.
  • To leave the hands hanging by ones sides in Prayer.
  • Imam remaining silent after recitation of Faatiha, so that the Muswallis recite it.

It’s an innovation in Prayer to raise the index finger just when saying,’’ Ashhadu an laa ilaha illAllaah’’, in Tashahhud. Islamic way is to agitate it, making supplication with it, from the start to the end of the Tashahhud. It is also incorrect if we agitate the forefinger but stop agitating it when saying ‘’ Ashhadu an laa ilaha illAllaah’’. But it must be continuously agitated, even when saying ‘’ Ashhadu an laa ilaha illAllaah.’’

 

  • To raise index finger when standing for Prayer while the Muazzin is saying,’’ Ashhadu an laa ilaha illAllaah’’ in iqaamah or Adhan.
  • Shaking hands with the one on the left and right after finishing every Salah.
  • Making up of missed Salahs that were missed during the state of being a child or a non-Muslim.
  • Wiping the neck during Wudhu.
  • Washing the limbs more than three times in wudu.
  • Reciting various supplications during wudu.
  • Looking up and pointing towards the sky while reciting the Shahadah (testimony faith) after completion of Wudu (only reciting the Shahadah is from Sunnah).
  • Reciting Surah Al-Qadar at the end of Wudhu.
  • Supplicating before Wudhu.
  • Tasting the water and lifting the finger after Wudhu.
  • Not becoming completely naked in bath thinking it’s prohibited. It’s not.
  • A girl sitting while bathing thinking it’s commanded in Islam. It has no basis.
  • Its imp to cover head while entering into washroom. Has no basis.
  • There is no specific Du’a for when starting Ghusal and during Ghusal. It’s recommended to say Bismillaah only. Any other Du’a is an innovation.
  • Wiping the face after Du’a.
  • The concept of Taqleed (choosing an Imam and sticking with his rulings alone in all the matters of the deen).
  • Believing that saints, Sufi, imam even Prophets are immortal having independent powers and superiority over Angels.
  • Believing the Tajini Tareeqh, Sufi Tareeqh, Abtal, Aqtab.
  • Believing the Philosophy of Wahdat al-Wajood, Hulool (incarnation), Wahdat Al-Adyaan (unity of all religions).
  • Celebrating Prophet’sﷺ
  • Celebration Maulid to have blessings in life, business and marital life.
  • Conducting Maulid a day before Nikah ceremony to have blessings in marital life.
  • Wearing green and white dress in the month of Rabi’Ul-Awal.
  • Celebrating 15th of Sha’ban. Distributing sweets, meat, lighting crackers and Passing whole night in Ibaadah and fasting.
  • Praying 6 Rakah Naafil prayer after Maghreb prayer on 15th of Shaban and after every two Rakah reciting surah Yasin once.
  • Considering the month of Safar as month of bad omen and conducting gatherings of Zikrr.
  • Celebrating the night of Ascension (Miraj) on 27th of Rajab.
  • Observing Voluntary Fast in Rajab.
  • Visiting graves especially in Rajab.
  • Performing Umrah specifically with the intention of being more meritorious in Rajab than in any other month is baseless.
  • Koonday celebrated on 22 Rajab (special meals and sweets are made and placed in clay bowls).
  • Sacrificing in the month of Rajab.
  • Celebrating the 27th night of Ramadan considering it as’ Lailla tul Qadar’.
  • What the Shi’a do on Ashoorah of beating their chests, slapping their cheeks, striking their shoulders with chains and cutting their heads with swords to let the blood flow are all baseless.
  • Wearing Kohl, taking Ghusal, wearing Henna, and cooking grains (hubhub) on Ashoorah.
  • Praying on burning coals on Ashoorah.
  • Wearing black dress in the month of Muharam.
  • Reading Nohaz (fabricated sad poems and stories of karbalah) in the month of Muharam.
  • Walking on burning coals in Muharam.
  • Touching the white horse ZooJinah as a blessing.
  • To do Faatiha Khawani for Imam Hussain in Muharram.
  • Avoiding getting married in Shawwal.
  • Celebrating Urs of Saints.
  • Celebrating festivals of non-Muslims( birthday, anniversaries, new year, valentine, Halloween, national days, death anniversaries ,Holi, Diwali, Basant, Easter, Christmas, mother day, father day, labor day, besakhee etc)
  • Visiting shrines of the Saints.
  • The concept of Khatam. (Reciting verses and blowing over food to have blessings), Khatam-e- Ghoasyiah, Khatam-e- Qadria, Khatam-e-Khawajgan, Khatam-e- Shifa etc.
  • To do Qur’aan khawani in the new office, shop or home for prosperity.
  • Believing in the Sufi methodology of Tarikat, Abdaals, and Moa’qal etc.
  • Sacrificing animals in the name of Saints. Distributing food, contributing in charity in the name of saints.
  • Seeking blessings through the belongings, food, places, graves, vessels, even animals of Saints.
  • Believing that saints can give life or they hold keys to the material treasures of Heaven and earth. This includes believing that the Prophet (peace be upon him) had complete and absolute knowledge of the unseen.
  • Making monuments on graves and making solid graves through brick and stones.
  • Raising the grave more than one hand span.
  • Planting trees on graves.
  • Decorating and plastering the graves.
  • Covering the graves with sheets (simple or having Quranic verses).
  • Illuminating near the graves by lamps, candles and placing rose petals and rose water.
  • Visiting graveyards on the two Eids.
  • To prostrate in front of the grave
  • Grieving for the dead person on the following Eid after death.
  • Putting Mus-haf on the stomach of the deceased.
  • Sitting, leaning and walking on graves.
  • Whitewashing or writing on graves.
  • Rinsing the graves with Zam Zam water.
  • Praying or supplicating to the dead, the saints or anyone else besides Allah. This includes slogans like Ya Ali, Ya Ghoas, Ya Hussain and the likes.
  • Believing that saints, Prophets, Sufis, so called scholars share characteristics of Allah, His Messengers and His Angels and have independent powers from Allah( s.w.t).
  • Giving Adhan at the graveside after the burial of the dead
  • Believing that those who achieve the high level of piety (like saints, Sufis) no longer need to follow the guidelines of the Sharia.
  • Reciting Qur’an in the graveyards or decorating graves, lighting candles, lamps on graves, placing rose petals or date-palm stalk over graves or washing the graves with milk or rose water.
  • Making group dua right after the funeral prayer.
  • Reciting nasheeds after funeral prayer.
  • Following the funeral by reciting Kalimah.
  • Doing Tasbeeh, Tahleel and Tamheed on stone, pebbles or on seeds in a group.
  • Making group chanting of Kalimiatu Ikhlas.
  • Mourning on the 3rd, 10th, 40th and on the yearly death anniversary of the deceased.
  • Mourning the first ten days of Muharam by not having marriage ceremonies or by mourning the martyrs of Karbala.
  • Believing that the Prophetﷺ is everywhere and he attends certain gatherings of Remembrance.
  • Believing that the Prophetﷺ was created from the Light.
  • Believing that the Prophet ﷺ had no shadow.
  • Believing that urine and stool of Prophetﷺ are not impure and are cure for physical and spiritual ailments.
  • Believing that Prophet ﷺ did not and could not die.
  • Believing that Prophetﷺ has an authority to provide and distribute provision.
  • Believing that the universe was created to glorify the status of Prophetﷺ
  • Believing that Prophetﷺ was ‘’ NOOR MIN NOOR ALLAH ‘’ (he was created from the Divine light of Allaah).
  • Believing that Prophetﷺ is alive.
  • Kissing thumbs after hearing name of the Prophetﷺ.
  • Reciting the Darud of innovation like, Darud-e- Taj, Darud-e- Tanjina, Darud-e- Lakhi, Darud-e- Ganj arsh, Darud-e- mahi, Darud-e-Akbar, Darud-e-Ghoasyiah, etc. all these kinds of Darud have no evidences from Sunnah of Prophet( peace be upon him) and practices of his companions, Salaf and righteous scholars.
  • Reading and preaching ‘Punj Soorah’ (a book composed of unauthentic Durood).
  • Duah Jameelah.
  • Duah gunjul Arsh.
  • Sending Salam on the Prophetﷺ out loud and as a group after every Salah especially after salatul Jumu’ah.
  • Sending blessings on the Prophet ﷺout loud before making each Azaan.
  • Gathering after Jumu’ah prayer to recite Salawaat as a congregation.
  • Believing in or using lucky charms, amulets, and soothsayers.
  • Believing that Allah SWT is everywhere (numerous verses from the Qur’an and narrations from the Hadith clearly mention that Allah is above His Throne, e.g Surah Taha, verse 5).
  • Believing that Allah SWT has no form or disbelieving in His Attributes (we find certain physical attributes of Allah SWT in Qur’an and Sunnah. Those physical attributes are not like anything we can compare to and are such that they suit Him accordingly. For example, we know from Qur’an and Sunnah that Allah has hands, eyes, shin but all of these can’t be compared to anything else that has been created) etc have no proofs from the Glorious Qur’an , Sunnah and practices of Companions.
  • Praying Salatul Ghoasyiah.
  • Praying Salat ul Raghaaib.
  • Praying Salatul Tasbeeh.
  • Praying Salatul Naariyah.
  • Praying Salatul Faa’idah.
  • Praying Salatul Hifzul Qur’an.
  • Praying eid prayers in a manner not found in the Hadith.
  • Praying Salatul Wahshat 2 rakahs for the dead person on the night of burial.
  • Praying congregational Aitkaf.
  • Using the altered concept of intercession of Prophets and saints during supplications.
  • Gathering to recite Surah Yasin and make Tasbeeh and send rewards to the deceased.
  • Singling out Specific Surah to have blessings in health, home, provision etc like ( surah Yusuf to have pretty child, surah Yasin for dead, surah al-Mulk, surah Kahf, surah Noor, surah al-Fath, Surah Muhammad etc to have increase in Provisions)
  • Reciting ‘’ Manzal’’ Du’a or ‘Mujmooa-e- Wazaif’ to have issues resolved.
  • Reading a specific Verse a certain number of times (999 times etc) without any valid documented evidence from Qur’an and Sunnah.
  • Reciting surah Yasin a certain number of times in a group or individually for fulfilling ones desires or needs.
  • Giving ones reading of Qur’an to the dead.
  • Reading Surah Yasin for the deceased.
  • Reciting made-up Wazeefah from saints, peer, and so-called scholars (formula 999 times for good health, 10,000 times of ayietay Qareema to relief from grief etc etc…)
  • Reciting poems, nasheeds and naats to praise Prophet (peace be upon him) by using musical instruments or poetry and techniques which resembles songs and music. This includes the field of Qawali as found abundantly in Indo-Pak region.
  • Reciting ayatay Qareema (dua of Prophet Yunus a.s) 10,000 times in a group to have blessings in life or for the deceased.
  • Reciting Qur’an for the sake of benefiting the deceased with the reward of what is recited. This includes reciting Qur’an as group by hiring people or inviting relatives, blowing over the food after recitation, and sharing that food with people on the death Anniversary of a person.
  • To chant names of Shaikh Abdul Qadir Jeelani.
  • Reciting Kalimah collectively on seeds.
  • Reciting Surah Yasin with 7 Mubeens.
  • To hold gatherings for Khatam of ‘Ya Salaamu’.
  • Using Amulets, Cards and frames of Du’a and surah hanging on the walls of home, shops, in vehicles to have protection and blessings.
  • Carrying the Qur’an with oneself for protection or in marriage over the head of bride.
  • Swinging head from side to side while repeating Allah…Allaah… Hu…Hu….
  • Spinning around in circles in mosques, at graves or shrines following the methodology of Sufis.
  • Swaying while reciting Qur’an or praying. (It’s a habit of the Jews during their Worship).
  • Doing a total of three Khutbahs for Jummah. One in Urdu and two in Arabic.
  • Saying Jumu’ah Mubarak.
  • Learning religion for the sole purpose of earning this world.
  • Separating religious matters from worldly matters like the Christian did with segregation of State and Church.
  • Indulging in magic, palmists, astrologists, numerologists and soothsayers, whether you believe them or not.
  • Asking someone else to do istikhara for oneself or paying someone to do istikhara or to pray missed prayers.
  • Believing that only black sheep can be given as a charity.
  • Believing that black color is associated with sadness, mourning and bad news.
  • Kissing Mus-haf
  • Kissing covers of Kabah or its stones, or the Yemini corner or mosque or belongings of righteous people or to touch them with intent of seeking blessing from them.
  • Saying Aameen for our own Du’a. Others should say not us.
  • Saying ‘Bismillaah wa ‘ala barakatillah’ before eating or drinking. Just saying Bismillaah is prescribed.
  • Writing 786 for Bismillaah Rahman Raheem.
  • Writing 92 for Muhammadﷺ.
  • Saying ‘sadaqa llahul Azeem’ after the recitation of Holy Qur’an.
  • Beating the hand after Tashahhud.
  • Reciting Ayetul Qursi by putting hand over head after Prayer.
  • Adaptation of Hindu customs in Marriage ceremony( Mehndi, mayoo, tail, dholki, dance, sera bundi, baraat, joota chupaiee, doodh pillaee, jahaiz, maklawa, moo dikhai, wearing yellow dress and flowers, doalee, throwing of rice by bride, breaking coconut, throwing oil by bride etc…..)
  • Reading Surah Yousaf and Surah Maryam during Pregnancy.

Many other innovations are also widely spread having no valid proofs from Qur’an, Authentic Hadith and righteous predecessors.

2… All Forms of Wordily Deeds are allowed except those that have been prohibited by Allah through the Qur’an and Sunnah:

 We can progress in the worldly life and in non-religious acts, as long as Allah SWT has not prohibited them through His Scripture and Sunnah of His Prophetﷺ For example, I can trade whatever I want but can’t trade in forbidden goods. I can eat anything as long as it’s not forbidden by Allah SWT and His Messenger ﷺ. I can wear anything as long as it’s not restricted by Allah SWT and His Messengerﷺ. I can use the technology as long as it’s not distorting and transgressing the Laws of Allah SWT.

 So innovation in worldly matters in accordance to the laws of Allah SWT is allowed that’s why Shariyah has no issues when people ride on camels, horses, donkeys or aero planes, spaceships or bullet trains. Usage of science and technology falls in the innovation of worldly affairs and not in religious affairs.

But innovation in religion is a great threat to its credibility, this is the reason Allah SWT and His Messengerﷺ warned us at various places. In the Sermon of Prophet ﷺ he clearly commanded:

‘’ …… the best speech is the Book of Allah, and the best guidance is the guidance of Muhammad, and the worst of matters are the newly invented matters and every bid’ah is a mis guidance and every misguidance is in the hell fire…’’

At other place he says:

‘’ whoever innovates or accommodates an innovator then upon him is the curse of Allah, His Angels and the whole of mankind.’’[27]

The Qur’an warns about bidah and importance of sticking with Sunnah by saying:

‘’ and whatsoever the messenger gives you, take it, and whatsoever he forbids you, abstain from it.’’(59:7)… ‘’ and indeed in the messenger of Allah you have a good example to follow for him who hopes in Allah and the last day and remembers Allah much’’. V: 33: 21

Narrated Abdullah bin Masu’d:  Allah’s Messenger saw a straight line (for our comprehension) saying that it is the way of Allah. Then he drew oblique lines on both the left and right of the straight line, saying that Satan prompts you to follow these. He recited part of the Quranic verse: ‘’ This is my way, the straight one. So, follow it…’’.(Ahmad, Nisai and Dharami).

The innovators usually think that they are serving deen and Ummah by their vibrant righteous deeds but are actually gaining nothing. These people would be among the great losers in Hereafter cause their actions were not passed and proved by Allah’s Laws and Sunnah of His Messengerﷺ. About such people Allah SWT said:

‘’ Say (O Muhammad): Shall We tell you the greatest losers in respect to their deeds? Those whose efforts have been wasted in this life while they thought they were acquiring good by their deeds! They are those who deny the Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, and revelations) of their Lord and the Meeting with Him (in the Hereafter). So, their works are in vain, and on the Day of Resurrection, We shall not give them any weight.’’[28].

                           REASONS BID’AH EXISTS:

  1. IGNORANT SCHOLARS:

Righteous Scholars are successors of the Prophetﷺ and defender of religion. On the other hand

 Ulema-e- Soo (deviant scholars) are called worst creation on the face of the earth because they manipulated the Message of Allah (s.w.t), teachings of the Prophet Muhammadﷺ and Methodology of Salaf because of their ignorance, faulty interpretations, fabricated and weak narrations, exaggerated debates having no proof from Qur’an and Sunnah. Allah SWT describes him:

‘’ Tell them about the story of the one whom we granted our knowledge but who decided to follow Satan and was aberrant. If we wanted, we could have raised his status, but he restored to materialistic things. He is like a dog, if you put something on him, it gasps – or if you leave it alone, it still gasps’[29]’.

These scholars are simply followers of Jewish and Christian Rabbis and priests who altered the Word of Allah and contaminated the original manuscript to gain worldly benefits. Allah (s.w.t) cursed these ignorant spiritual leaders in these words:

‘’ But those among them who did wrong, changed the word that had been told to them. So We sent on them a torment from the heaven in return for their wrongdoings.’’[30]

‘’ Verily, those who conceal what Allah has sent down of the Book, and purchase a small gain therewith (of worldly things), they eat into their bellies nothing but fire. Allah will not speak to them on the Day of Resurrection, nor purify them, and theirs will be a painful torment.’’[31]

These so- called scholars have been the breeding pools of Innovations, superstitious believes and Major sins of Shirk (polytheism).Because of their half-baked knowledge and self-created lame stories non-Muslim community feels hesitation to learn about Islam and proposes hundreds of objections about such mind boggling tales. For example, Islam is highly conscious about Hygiene, when a non-Muslim hears a lame story from an ignorant scholar that Companions of the Prophet (peace be upon him) were always keen to consume his urine and stool, did you think such false accusation would impress the non-Muslim mind and he would explore the great Seerah of Prophet (peace be upon him) and his companions?… obviously not. So these Ulema-e- Soo are creating repulsion instead of spreading the revolutionary teachings of Islam. They distort deen, play with the verses of Allah and create barriers between Creator and His Creation, that’s why Allah (s.w.t) says:

‘’And when you look at them you find them pleasing, and when they speak, you would listen (due to their treacherous eloquence); as if they are timber logs lined up (their words are hollow and devoid of an iota of faith, and neither any comprehension of their fate in the Hereafter); they consider every shout against themselves (due to their guilty conscience); they are the enemies, so be careful of them! Allah destroy them! How patently dissident they are (despite seeing irrefutable and obvious proofs)’’[32]

The Prophet ﷺsaid:

‘’ Allaah SWT does not erase knowledge (from earth) by erasing knowledge from slaves (hearts). Rather, He erases knowledge through the death of Scholars. When He leaves (earth) without scholars, people will take the ignorant as leaders (and scholars). They (the ignorant) will be asked and then give Fatwa without knowledge. Then, they will be lead, and will lead astray.’’ (Ahmad)

  1. FOLLOWING DESIRES:

Desires to have sound financial careers, protocols, social contacts, tranquility of Nafs, political status are the concrete reasons behind this Dark World of Bid’ah.

 According to the rough estimation, income of 8 big shrines of Pakistan in one year was:

  • Daata Darbar        :    15 million to Rs. 230.7 million
  • Hazrat Peer Maki’s Shrine   :     1.9 million
  • Madhu Lal Husain’s shrine   :    2.098 million
  • Bahau din Zakria’s tomb       :   1.060 million
  • Shams Tabrizi Shrine   :     1.2 million

Allah says; ‘’ But if they answer you not O Muhammadﷺ, then know that they only follow their own  desires; And who is more astray then one who follows his own low desires without the guidance from Allaah ?. Surely Allah does not guide the unjust people.[33]

Like Vedic Pundits, Rabbis of Jews and Priests of Christianity; the Supreme Leaders of Innovations have become the wealthy tycoons of the society owing luxury apartments, branded Vehicles, expanded businesses and prestigious properties. Some of the so-called scholars even own Western Citizenship. They trade with word of Allah by selling innovations to innocent people through the exploitation of their poor knowledge, poverty crisis and religious sentiments. Allah (s.w.t) says:

‘’ Have you seen him who takes his own desires as his God, and Allaah knowing( him as such) left him astray, sealed his hearing and his heart, and put a cover on his sight. Who then will guide him after Allaah? Will you not then be mindful?[34].

They are simply slaves of desires and have taken their deen as a Source of Worldly benefits.

‘’And leave alone those who take their religion as play and amusement, and whom the life of this world has deceived. But remind ( them) with it (the Qur’an) lest a person be given up to destruction for that which he has earned, when he will find for himself no protector or intercessor besides Allah, and even if he offers every ransom, it will not be accepted from him. Such are they who are given up to destruction because of that which they have earned. For them will be a drink of boiling water and a painful torment because they used to disbelieve.’’[35].

  1. FOLLOWING THE FOOTSTEPS OF FOREFATHERS BLINDLY:

One of the reason behind expansion of innovations is the argument that people usually put forward that ‘our elders have been doing it since generations’. And they believe they are receiving comfort and solace for the last several hundred years. Islam is not a deen of following forefathers blindly, but rather submitting ones Will to Allah and conceiving guidance from the teachings of Qur’an, Sunnah and Methodology of Salaf. Allah (s.w.t) has clearly warned about such deceptive following at various places in Qur’an:

‘’ When it is aid to them: ‘’ Follow what Allah has sent down.’’ They say:’’ Nay! We shall follow what we found our forefathers.’’ (What they do that!) even though their fathers did not understand anything nor were they guided?. And the example of those who disbelieve is as that of him who shouts to those (flock of sheep) that hears nothing but calls and cries. (They are) deaf, dumb, and blind. So they do not understand.                               (Tafsir Al-Qurtubi).[36]

‘’ Or let you should say: ‘’ It was only our fathers aforetime who took others as partners in worship along with Allaah, and we were ( merely there) descendants after them; will You then destroy us because of the deeds of men who practiced Al-Batil (  i.e. polytheism and committing crimes and sins, invoking and worshipping others besides Allah)? ?( Tafsir At-Tabari). Thus do We explain the Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations etc.) in detail, so that they may turn (to the truth)’’[37].

‘’ When he (Prophet Ibrahim a.s) said to his father and his people: ‘’ What are these images to which you are devoted?’’. They said:’’ We found our fathers worshipping them.’’ He said: ‘’ Indeed you and your fathers have been in manifest error.’’[38]

‘’ Nay! They say: ‘’ We found our fathers following a certain way and religion, and we guide ourselves by their footsteps.’’ And similarly, We sent not a Warner before you (O Muhammad (peace be upon him) to any town (people) but the luxurious ones among them said:’’ We found our fathers following a certain way and religion, and we will indeed follow their footstep.’’ (The Warner) said: ‘’ Even if I bring you better guidance than that which you found your fathers following?’’ They said: ‘’ Verily, we disbelieve in that which you have been sent.’’ So We took revenge on them, then see what was the end of those who denied (Islamic Monotheism).’’[39]

It’s so illogical to follow anything blindly. Generally, no one can say that he remained uneducated because his father was an uneducated person, but rather he would strive hard to have better life or he is poor and has to be poor because his forefathers were poor. No, he would work hard to get rid of gloomy life. But in case of religion why do majority hibernate like toads and follow the wrong footsteps unconsciously as if they are being hypnotized.  Allah’s Doctrine is so easy to understand and and implement. There is not one ayah in the Qur’an which states that the subjects of Qur’an are incomprehensible to layman and he has to depend upon his forefathers. Allah SWT says Himself:

‘’ Certainly, We have made this Qur’an easy in your tongue, in order that they may remember.’’ [40]

Similarly the culture of ‘’ Sajada Nasheeni’’ (after the death of a saint or Sufi, his son takes the authority of shrine) in Sub-continental societies passes the Packages of Innovations from generation to generation, making the folks their ‘religious Captives’. This deviated captivation is usually termed as

‘’ Bay’ah (an oath of allegiance’’. This kind of Oath to various groups or saints is an innovation. Following the deviated elders or religious leaders simply multiplies the evil deeds.

Allah SWT answers this worst excuse in these words:

‘’ And nothing has prevented the people from believing when guidance came to them and from asking forgiveness of their Lord except that there must befall them the accustomed precedent of the former people or that the punishment should come directly before them.’’ [41]

  1. Imitating the Disbelievers:

Imitating others is something that happens to humans. It is indicative of great love of the one whom one imitates, but in many cases it is an unhealthy phenomenon. Islam pays a great deal of attention to this issue (Muslims imitating disbelievers), and the Messenger ﷺ definitively prohibited it and said:

 “Whoever imitates a people is one of them.” [42]

Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Tamiyah (may Allah have mercy on him) said:

‘’At the very least this hadith indicates that it is prohibited to imitate them, even though the apparent meaning indicates that the one who imitates them is himself a disbeliever, as in the verse in which Allah says (interpretation of the meaning):

“And if any amongst you takes them [Jews and Christians] as Aaliyah [friends, protectors, helpers, etc.], then surely he is one of them”[43]

This may be referring to imitating them in everything, in which case this constitutes disbelief, which dictates that it is haraam to imitate them in some matters. Or it may be interpreted as meaning that he is one of them to the extent to which he is imitating them, so if it is disbelief or a sin or a symbol that is unique to them, then the ruling is like that. Whatever the case, it implies that imitating them is haraam.’’[i][44]

We can see the wisdom behind the prohibition on Muslims imitating disbelievers if we understand the

1.

If a Muslim imitates the disbelievers, it indicates that he prefers the way the disbeliever looks to the way him himself looks, and this may be an implicit objection to the law and will of Allah, may He be exalted.

If a woman imitates a man, it is as if she is objecting to the appearance with which Allah has created her, and is not pleased with it. By the same token, when a Muslim imitates a disbeliever, it is as if he is saying that the appearance of the disbeliever is better for him than the appearance with which Allah has honored him and has commanded him to keep.

      2.

Imitating someone else is indicative of a sense of inferiority and psychological defeatism, but Islam does not accept for the Muslims to declare such defeat, even if it is real.

Admitting and declaring defeat increases the weak person in weakness, and increases the strong person in strength. This may be one of the greatest obstacles to the weak person rising up and rectifying his situation.

Therefore people of mature thinking in any nation or community object to their people imitating their enemies; rather they are keen to make them distinct on the basis of their heritage, customs and dress, even if they think that the enemy has better heritage, customs and dress than what they have. That is only because they understand the psychological and social impact – and even the political impact – of outwardly imitating the enemy.

3.

Imitating others in outward appearance implies love and loyalty towards them, because a person does not imitate anyone except those whom he loves. But the Muslims are commanded to disavow the disbelievers of all types. Allah, may He be exalted, says (interpretation of the meaning):

“Let not the believers take the disbelievers as Aaliyah (supporters, helpers, etc.) instead of the believers, and whoever does that will never be helped by Allah in any way, except if you indeed fear a danger from them. And Allah warns you against Himself (His Punishment), and to Allah is the final return”[45]

“You (O Muhammad (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him)) will not find any people who believe in Allah and the Last Day, making friendship with those who oppose Allah and His Messenger (Muhammad (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him)), even though they were their fathers, or their sons, or their brothers, or their kindred (people).”[46]

And the Prophetﷺ said:

 “The strongest bonds of faith are loyalty for the sake of Allah, enmity for the sake of Allah, love for the sake of Allah and hate for the sake of Allah.”[47]

Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Tamiyah said in Iqtida’ as-Siraat al-Mustaqeem (1/549):

Outward imitation leads to a type of love and feeling close in one’s heart, just as love in one’s heart leads to outward imitation. This is something that we see in real life. End quote.

Imitation of the disbelievers weakens this principle, which is one of the principles of Islam, namely disavowing and despising the disbelievers.

4… Outward imitation of the disbelievers leads to something that is more serious, which is imitation of them in one’s heart and adopting their beliefs, or regarding their views and ideology as sound. There is a clear connection between outward appearance and what is in the heart, and the one affects the other.

Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Tamiyah said in Iqtida’ as-Siraat al-Mustaqeem (1/548):

Imitating others and being like them in outward appearance and behavior leads to imitating them and being like them in one’s heart and mind, by way of gradual, hidden influence. We have seen that the Jews and Christians who mix with the Muslims are milder in terms of disbelief than others, just as we have seen that Muslims who mix a great deal with the Jews and Christians are weaker in terms of faith than others. End quote.

Ibn al-Qayyim (may Allah have mercy on him) said:

Because imitation in outward appearance may lead to being influenced with regard to thought and beliefs, as is indicated by Islamic teachings, common sense and real life. Therefore Islamic teaching disallows imitating disbelievers, animals, devils, women and Bedouin.[48]

Shaykh Saleh al-Fawzaan said: 

The things in which the Kuffar are imitated include acts of worship, such as imitating them in matters of shirk, such as building (structures) over graves, building shrines and exaggerating about them. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “May the curse of Allaah be upon the Jews and the Christians, for they took the graves of their Prophets as places of worship.” Al-Bukhari, 425; Muslim, 531. And he told us that when a righteous man among them died, they would build a place of worship over his grave, and install images therein, and that they were the most evil of mankind. Al-Bukhari, 417; Muslim, 528. Nowadays there are instances of major shirk because of exaggeration concerning graves, as is well known to scholars and ordinary folk alike. The cause of that is imitation of the Jews and Christians. 

Another example is their imitation of the festivals of shirk and bid’ah, such as birthday celebrations, whether it is the birthday of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) or the birthdays of presidents and kings. Or these festivals of bid’ah and shirk may be named after days or weeks, such as a country’s national day or independence day, or Mother’s Day, or hygiene week, and other days or weeks that are celebrated. All of these have come to the Muslims from the Kuffar, for Islam has only two festivals: Eid al-Fiṭr and Eid al-Adhā. Anything else is bid’ah and an imitation of the Kuffar.[49] 

These are some of the clear reasons for the Islamic prohibition on Muslims imitating the polytheists. The Muslim has to comply with the rulings of Allah, may He be exalted, and believe that Allah, may He be exalted, will never command him to do anything but that which is wise, in his best interests, and will lead to his happiness in this world and the hereafter.

                   DANGERS OF BID’AH:

Hafiz Ibn-Qayyim has described seven phases in which Shaiytaan destroys the believers; one of these phases is Bid’ah. According to him, when a person engages in Bid’ah, he believes that he is doing a good deed so he invites others as well. The person committing Bid’ah does not recognize that he is doing something wrong. Imam Ahmad Bin Hanbal said:

‘‘the greatest sinner from Ahl-Sunnah Wal Jamaah is better than the most pious person from Ahl-Bid’ah.’’

The horrific damages done by Bid’ah are:

  1. DIVIDES UMMAH :

In truth, it’s Shirk and Bid’ah and its people who divide the Ummah. Allah (s.w.t) says:

‘’ …… And be not of Al-Mushrikun (the disbelievers in Tawheed, polytheists, idolaters, etc…). Of those who split up their religion (who left the true Monotheism), and became sects,( i.e. they invented new things in the religion( Bid’ah), and  followed their vain desires), each sect rejoicing in that which is with it. ‘’ AR-Room, ayah 31-32

’ Verily, those who divide their religion and breakup into sects (all kinds of religious sects), you (O Muhammad (peace be upon him) have no concern with them in the least. Their affair is only with Allah, Who then will tell them what they used to do.’[50]  About the interpretation of this Ayah Imam

  • Ash-Shatibee said:

 “The explanation (Tafseer) of this verse has come in the Hadeeth from ‘Aa`ishah (radiallaahu ‘anha) who said: ‘The Messenger (sallallaahu ‘alaihi wasallam) said: O ‘Aa`ishah! Verily, those who divide their religion and break up into sects. Who are they? So I said: Allaah and His Messenger know best. He replied: They are the People of Desires, the People of Innovations and the People of Misguidance from this Ummah. Oh ‘Aa`ishah! For every sin there is repentance, except [for] the People of Desires and Innovations. There is no repentance from them, and I am free and innocent of them and they of me.‘

And from Abu Hurairah (radiallaahu ‘anhu): ‘That this verse was revealed in connection with this Ummah.’ And from Abu Umaamah (radiallaahu ‘anhu): ‘They are the Khawaarij.

  • Imām al-Barbahārī stated: 

“Know that Allah’s Messengerﷺ said: “My Ummah will divide into 73 sects, all of them will be in the Fire except for one, and that is the Jamā’ah.” It was said, “And who are they, O Allah’s Messenger?” He responded, “That which I and my Companions are upon today.”[51

Al-Qaadee (rahimahullaah Ta’aala) said :

 ‘The apparent meaning of the Qur`an indicates that everyone who introduces an innovation into the religion – such as the Khawaarij and others besides them – that they come under this verse, because when they innovate, they argue and dispute [over this innovation], cause divisions and break off into sects.‘” [Al-I’tisaam (1/40-45)]

Shaikh Sālih Al-Fawzān explained:

“My Ummah will divide into 73 sects, all of them will be in the Fire except for one, and that is the Jamā’ah.” Allah SWT has commanded us with unity upon the truth, as He stated:

“And hold fast to the Rope of Allah, altogether and be not divided.” (Āli ‘Imran: 103). He also said:

“Indeed, those who have divided their religion and become sects, you O Prophet, are not associated with them in anything. Their affair is left only to Allah and He will inform them about what they used to do.” (Al-An’aam: 159) And He, the Most High, stated:

And do not be like the ones who became divided and differed after the clear proofs had come to them. And those will have a great punishment.” (Āli Imrān: 105) So Allah prohibited us from division and commanded us with unity and holding fast to the Book of Allah SWT and the Sunnah of His Messenger ﷺ, as He said:

“And this is My path, which is straight, so follow it; and do not follow the other paths, for you will be separated from His Path. This has He instructed you that you may become righteous.” (Al-An’aam: 153) So differing and splitting by following ones desires is not allowed, and likewise the blind following of one’s father and forefathers, or to blindly follow the Jews and Christians. Differing is not permissible in the affairs of belief and in the foundations of the Religion; it is obligatory to have agreement and unity upon these matters. 

As for differing that comes about in matters of the Fiqh regulations then this can occur, but even here one must take only the sayings that are supported by the proofs. Allah SWT stated:

“And if you disagree over anything, refer it to Allah SWT and the Messenger ﷺ, if you should believe in Allah SWT and the Last Day. That is the best way and best in result.” (An-Nisā: 59) The point is that differing in matters pertaining to belief (‘Aqeedah) is not permitted because the ‘Aqeedah is established by textual proofs alone and not open to juristic interpretation or opinion. As for the Fiqh regulations and derived judgments and rulings, then those who are capable and worthy from the scholars will derive what they see to be most correct. And the scholars who have differed in their opinions did not [seek to] remain upon differing, instead they returned back to the Book of Allah and the Sunnah of His Messenger (H). And the one whose position was supported by the proofs, then it was followed, and his saying was accepted, and they would leave off their own opinions. This is the way of Ahlus-Sunnah wal-Jamaa’ah and this is what the Messenger (O) directed us to. As for the common saying: “Leave the people alone, each to his own opinion because differing in the Ummah is a mercy.” We say: this is sheer falsehood. Allah stated:

“But they will not cease to differ except those whom your Lord has shown mercy..” (Hūd: 118-119) So His saying “except whom your Lord has shown mercy” is a proof that that those who are shown mercy by Allah do not differ, and that differing is a punishment and not a mercy. Mercy is for those who do not differ – and if they do differ, they return to the Qur’an and Sunnah for resolution. They take what is authentic and they leave alone what is mistaken. This is the path of Ahlus-Sunnah wal-Jamaa’ah. As for leaving each person to his own opinion in matters of Religion, then this is not way ordained for the Muslims. Rather that is the way of the people of whims and desires. They seek after opinions which agree with their desires, and they will abandon whatever opposes their desires even if it means abandonment of the statements of a great scholar whose saying they would [normally] take. Meaning: they will not accept the sayings of the great scholars unless they agree with their desires. So whatever opposes what they seek they reject it; and this proves they are followers of their desires since they take what accords with their desire; and what opposes it, they cast aside. Indeed there is no movement or might except with Allāh. This is what is being invited to in these times: in the newspapers, magazines, seminars, gatherings, at most conferences, the satellite channels where they publicize differing and say: “We are broadening the possibilities for the people.” With what are they broadening the possibilities? By leaving the Book and Sunnah and instead going to sayings which emanate from those who are not infallible? Those who can err sometimes and be correct sometimes? We say: It is these scholars who prevent us from taking their speech unless it conforms to the evidence – and they forbid us from taking their speech if it contradicts the proof. So it is a must that this affair is understood because in these times the people are put to trial by those who try to pull the wool over their eyes.

  • Imām al-Barbahārī stated:

 “Know that Allah’s Messenger ﷺ said: “My Ummah will divide into 73 sects, all of them will be in the Fire except for one…” This narration is authentic when its various chains and wordings are gathered together. The scholars have reported it and praised its authenticity; and the reality of the Ummah further proves its truthfulness. The Messenger ﷺ stated that this Ummah of Muhammad ﷺ will divide into 73 sects – and these are the foundations of the sects, and there are of course more sects, but these 73 constitute the foundations of all of them. All of them will end up in the Fire except for one. So the seventy third sect is upon that which the Messenger ﷺ and his Companions were upon – it is the sect saved (nājiyah) from the Fire. For this reason it is referred to as the Saved Sect (Firqatun-Nājiyah) and they are called Ahlus-Sunnah wal-Jamā’ah. And all those besides them are the opposers, those threatened with the Fire. From them are those who will enter the Fire due to their unbelief, others due to their sins and others due to their disobedience – those who enter the Fire are not all the same. So it is not to be understood from this narration that all of the sects who enter the Fire are upon unbelief.

“…all of them will be in the Fire except for one, and that is the Jamā’ah.” The Jamā’ah refers to anyone who is upon the truth even if it is just one person. A gathering of large numbers in itself is not an indication that they are upon the truth. Allah SWT said:

 ” And if you obey most of those upon the earth, they will mislead you from the path of Allah. They follow not except assumption, and they are not but falsifying.” (Al-An’aam: 116) And He said:

                                               وَمَا أَكْثَرُ النَّاسِ وَلَوْ حَرَصْتَ بِمُؤْمِنِين                                              

“And most of mankind will not believe even if you desire it eagerly.” (Yousuf: 103) And His saying:

                            وَمَا وَجَدْنَا لِأَكْثَرِهِم مِّنْ عَهْدٍ ۖ وَإِن وَجَدْنَا أَكْثَرَهُمْ لَفَاسِقِينَ

 “And We did not find for most of them any covenant; but indeed, We found most of them defiantly disobedient.” (Al-A’raf: 102) So attention is not given to numbers, rather attention is given to those who are upon the truth even if they are small in number in a given time or place. So even if there is just one person, he can be considered as the Jamā’ah.

It was said, “And who are they O Allah’s Messenger?” He responded, “That which I and my Companions are upon today.” So this is the correct path: whoever is upon that which the Messenger and his Companions were upon, he is the Jamā’ah.

(See: It-hāf al-Qari, Shaikh Al-Fawzān’s explanation of Sharhus-Sunnah of Imām al-Barbahārī, vol.1 pp. 419-423.)

 

  1. Bid’ah invites wrath of Allah :

 Allaah SWT clearly revealed this threat:

‘’And fear the Fitnah (affliction and trial, etc.) which affects not in particular (only) those of you who do wrong (but it may afflict all the good and the bad people), and know that Allaah is Severe in punishment.’’[52] 

These afflictions, calamities and trials are Allah’s punishment on the Ummah as a result of the shirk, bid’ah and sins, and the fewness of those who warn against them. So the very reason these people of bid’ah say they’re not warning against Shirk and bid’ah (and sins, such as usury) is the very reason why we are split and covered in humiliation. And thus, it is abundantly clear that those who truly cause fitnah and divide and split the Ummah are the people of bid’ah and desires – the same people who spread these doubts and false principles. 

But even if you didn’t know the refutation of this evil doubt, you should have known this doubt was wrong because of its mere opposition to the Qur`aan and Sunnah.

    3.  DESTRUCTION OF THE SUNNAH:

Bidah is a flagrant accusation against the Holy Prophet Muhammad ﷺ that he has betrayed Allah’s Message and did not transmit it correctly. This accusation is much more serious than committing sins.

When people introduce new things (commit bidah) in Deen they put a lot of stress on these innovations and take them as Sunnah and as part of the Deen. Consequently, at a certain point in time they stop practicing the Sunnah and instead start practicing their bidah (innovations) currently as Sunnah.

Ibn Abbas (Radhi Allaahu Anhu) has said: “Every time bidah is introduced it kills Sunnah until the Sunnah dies and this goes on until the practice of bidah becomes alive.”

Hassan ibn Attiya (one of the tabi’ine) has said: “Whenever people accept bidah, Allaah Ta’alah removes Sunnah from them and does not give it back to them until the Day of Judgment.

   4.  BID’AH LEADS TO SHIRK:

Bidah (innovations) leads to ‘shirk’ because the innovator assumes the role of legislator, that is, the one who prescribes the law. In fact, Allaah, The Creator is The Legislator, that is He is the One, who creates and He is the One who makes the law that humans have to follow.

So, a bidati (an innovator) associates himself with Allaah when he adds, removes or changes the laws of Islam which Allaah SWT has already established. On the other hand, the Devil adorns such changed laws and makes them look attractive and desirable. When this happens, there is no chance that the innovator will be willing to repent because he will never take what he is doing as wrong or as a sin or as an innovation. Contrarily, he takes it as Sunnah. We must know that the source of Sunnah is from the prophet Muhammadﷺ and not from people.

         5.  BID’AH LEADS TO KUFR :

Imam Malik (Rahimahullaah) has said: ‘whoever introduces something new in the Deen and believes that his innovation is right and must be practiced, then he has falsely accused the holy prophet Muhammad ﷺ of not having done his job properly in transmitting the Message of Allaah to us.’ And this is because in the holy Qur’an it is mentioned:

“This day I have perfected for you your religion and completed My favor upon you and have approved for you Islam as religion.”[53]

So, it is clear that what was not in the religion of Islam in the time of the Prophet Muhammadﷺ will never be part of Islam now after he has gone.

So, any person who innovates in the Deen of Islam is in other words showing that Islam is not a complete and perfect religion.

As a result:

1) He is committing a very serious sinful act.

2) He is going against the Quranic verse mentioned above (he goes against the Word of Allaah).

Allaah Ta’alah has chosen and perfected Islam for us and in doing so He has completed His favour upon us. So, when a bidati (innovator) adds, removes or changes anything in the Deen, he is basically not accepting that Allaah has completed His favor upon us in perfecting and choosing this Deen for us. Therefore, this is an act of ‘kufr’ because the bidati (innovator) is rejecting the Qur’an. So, bidah leads to kufr.

The ‘kufr’ committed by the Jews and the Christians is the result of the many innovations they have brought in their religions. For this reason, they have distanced themselves from the Message of Nabi Musa (Alaihis salaam) and Nabi Issa (Alaihis salaam).

Bidah start with small innovations that seem like the truth and people often get trapped in these small innovative practices. However, small bidah is practiced and gradually leads to bigger bidah (innovations) until people are so immersed in them that they find themselves completely away from Islam.

  1. BID’AH DAMAGES IMAGE OF ISLAM:

Mind boggling activities of bid’ah has badly affected the image of Islam and Ummah. Bid’ah of consuming urine or stool of the Prophetﷺ   , weird scary activities on Ashoorah, hanging shoe or green chilies behind the vehicle to have protection from an evil eye, wearing colored threads, amulets and black dots to get blessings, ugly unhygienic getups of Sufi saints and monks, dances on shrines, assuming owl, black cat, white onion, shadow of widow or divorcee or an orphan a symbol of bad omen, drinking and taking bath with dirty mud of shrine , feeding animals of Saints, and hundreds of other activities are simply stain on our Prestigious Shariyah and Methodology of Salaf practiced and preached by ignorant deviant saints, scholars and Sufi having no authenticity from Qur’an, Sunnah and methodology of Salaf.

Did you think these innovations can convince a non-Muslim to embrace Islam and ponder over the great character of our Prophetﷺ? No we can’t. Obviously he would ask hundreds of questions including

  • ‘’If Hygiene is half of Iman then why did your Prophetﷺ recommend to consume his Urine? because the person’s urine comprise a diverse collection of waste products and can cause serious health hazards like diarrhea, hepatitis, skin diseases, kidney failure, ulcers, stomach cancers, and even damaging of neuron cells’’.

Or he can ask,

  • ‘’ if Islam is a religion of peace and discipline why do you injure yourselves atrociously on Ashoorah and behave like butchers and killers; beating your bodies with swords and knives and even your innocent kids are not saved from this game show of blood and tears. Your women do not wear hijab and mobile freely on roads and crying and slandering like mentally ill patients. What kind of peace and discipline is this?

Or he can ask,

  • ‘’ All the Prophets died cause dying is a natural phenomenon and every creation dies one day because of the commandment of GOD or Mother Nature but you say your Prophet dint die. How? Was he human? If yes how he could resist death? And if he was not a human and was created from a Divine light of God then was he a God in the form of human? Hindu mythology says ‘’God Rama was Vishnu’s incarnation on earth’’. Does the concept of Incarnation also exists in Islam? If he is alive and present everywhere, why we can’t see him? Why he dint appear to save various demolished Mosques or oppressed people of Palestine, Syria, Kashmir, Afghanistan etc or oppression of Zionism in case of Bait-ul-Muqadas? Why is he not gathering his army and attacking your army? Why is he silent and invisible?

Bid’ah generates thousands of such questions in the minds of non-Muslim community dragging them away from Islam and pondering over the Revolutionary Character of Prophetﷺ his Companions and Great Salaf. So, bid’ah is the worst enemy of Deen.

  1. BID’AH DESTROYS A PERSON’S AKHIRAH:

Bid’ah destroys a person’s Akhirat (Hereafter) And Drives him away from the Shifarish of Nabi ﷺ

Abu Hurairah (Radhi Allaahu Anhu) narrated that Nabi ﷺsaid: “I will be by the lake of Hauz-é-Kausar and distributing water from it to the Muslims who will come towards me. Those who will drink of this water will never be thirsty again. There will be other people coming to my lake and I will recognize as my people; and they too, will recognize me. But the angels will drive them away from my lake Hauz- é-Kausar just as a camel is chased away. I will say: ‘O my Rabb, these people were my followers and they are my people (Ummah).”

But I will be told: ‘You do not know all the innovations that they brought in the Deen after you left the world.” And therefore, I will say: ‘get them away from me, get them away from me.”

That is these people will have parts of their body shinning to show that they were Muslims, because such parts of their body used to touch the ground when they were praying (reading their swalaats) on earth. So, Nabiﷺ will recognize them and will ask them to: ‘come, come.’

But the angels will tell Nabiﷺ that these very people brought many innovations in the Deen after he was gone from the earth. It is then that Nabiﷺ will say to them: ‘get away from me, get away from me.’

He who commits bidah will not be forgiven

One day the Prophet Muhammadﷺ said: “O Aisha for each sin there is repentance but there is no repentance for innovators who follow their fancies and desires. I have nothing with them and they have nothing to do with me.”

 

                        PROPHETﷺ WARNED AGAINST BID’AH:

 

  • Indeed Allah does not accept the repentance of an innovator until he stops the innovation [54]
  • “Everyone will be with those whom he loves.”[55]
  • “No people introduce a bid’ah but something equivalent (amount) will be taken away from the Sunnah” [56]
    The Messengerﷺ also warned against the People of Innovation, from befriending, supporting or taking from them saying: 

    “Whoever innovates or accommodates an innovator then upon him is the curse of Allaah, His Angels and the whole of mankind.”[57]

  • Al-‘Irbaad ibn Saariyah, , reports that the Prophet said,

 “…. I have left you upon clear guidance. Its night is like its day. No one deviates from it after me except that he is destroyed.”[58]

SOME WARNINGS FROM COMPANIANS AND SALAF:

 

  1. Abdullah Ibn Abbas (r.a) (d. 68H) said:

 

“Indeed the most detestable of things to Allaah are the innovations.”[59]

  Abdullah Ibn Abbas (r.a) also said,

 “When “Bid’ah (innovation)” is created then the Sunnah dies and this continues until that “Bid’ah” is living and the Sunnah is dead.” 

Ibn Abbas r.a states:

“Every year the people of innovations innovate some or the other bid`ah and wipe away some or the other Sunnah due to which innovations come alive and Sunnah becomes dead.”[60]

  1. ‘Uthman Ibn Haadir:
    “I said to ’Abdullah Ibn ’Abbas, ‘Advise me.’ He said, ‘It is upon you to be upright, and follow the first affair (the way of the Prophet and his Companions), and do not innovate.’ “[al-Ibānah (1/319) by Ibn Battah]
    Ibn `Abbas (r.a) said : I am amazed to see the people abandon Tahleel and Takbeer, though for me Takbeer is good . But the Shaiytaan approaches man from the way (or door) of evil (and sins) and when he (the man) safeguards himself from this (i.e. the evil through which the Shayṭān appeals to him) then he comes to them (mankind) showing them goodness so as to have them leave the Sunnah and follow the Bid`ah[61]

  2. Abdullah Ibn Umar (r.a) said:

    “Every innovation is misguidance, even if the people see it as something good.”[62]

  3. Abū Ja’far reports:

    Whenever Ibn ‘Umar – Allāh be pleased with him – heard a hadīth from Allāh’s Messenger – Allāh’s praise and peace be upon him – he never went beyond it, and he never fell short of it.[63]
    Shaykh Al-Albānī explained that ‘he never went beyond it’ means: he never added anything to what was in the hadīth or over­ stepped the bounds of the hadīth; and ‘he never fell short of it’ means: he never neglected what was in the hadīth.

  4. Abdullah ibn Mas’ood (r.a) said,

“Follow and do not innovate, for you have been given that which is sufficient and every innovation is misguidance.”[64]
And he (Abdullah ibn Mas’ood said) “Beware of what the people introduce of the Bid`ah. The Deen (religion) is not taken away from the heart in one go (at once). Rather, Shaiytaan introduces the person to a Bid`ah (and keeps him engaged in it) till Iman (Faith) is removed from his heart. Soon (a time is coming where) people will let go of all the obligations which Allaah has enjoined on them from the Salah (prayers), the Siyaam (fasting), the Halaal and the Haraam, and they will speak about their Lord عز وجل (without knowledge). So whosoever reaches that time should flee.”
It was said: “O Abu `Abdul Rahman! Flee to where?” He said: “Where there is no one.” He further said: “He should flee with his heart and his religion, and he should not sit with Ahl al-Bid`ah (innovators and people of desires).”[65]
Abdullah ibn Mas’ood (r.a) also said :
“For every bid’ah with which Islam is plotted against, Allah has a beloved worshipper (wali) who refutes and repels it and speaks about its signs, so take the full opportunity of attending such places, and trust in Allah.[66]
He (r.a) also said: “You must hold fast to knowledge [Sunnah] before it is taken away. This taking away consists in the departure of those who possess it. None of you knows when he shall surely need one of them, or needs what he has. Verily you shall encounter a people who claim that they are calling you unto Allah’s Book when in fact they have tossed it behind their backs. So hold fast to knowledge, beware of innovating (al-tabaddu`), beware of excessive contention (al-tanattu`), and beware of deep involvement (al-ta`ammuq). Hold fast to the ancient (al-`atiq).[67]

Ibn Mas’ood (r.a) said ” A person is like his friend” [68]
He also said: For one to be moderate in practicing the Sunnah is better than to exert himself in heresies (bid`ah)[69]
Ibn Mas`ood , `Ali ibn Abi Taalib are reported to have said:
لا ينفع قول إلا بعمل ، ولا عمل إلا بقول ، ولا قول وعمل إلا بنية ، ولا نية إلا بموافقة السنة
There is no benefit in statement without (accompanying it with) action , in action without speech and in speech and action without (the proper) intention and (there is no benefit in having an) intention except if it is in accordance to the Sunnah.[70]

6. Mu`adh ibn Jabal (r.a) said:

Abi Dawood narrated that Mu’adh ibn Jabal, may Allaah be pleased with him, said to his companions one day: “Indeed after you there will be tribulations in which wealth will be abundant. The Qur’aan will be opened therein, so much so that the believer, the hypocrite, the man, the woman, the child, the elder, the slave, and the freeman will memorize it.” A person would say: „What is with the people, that they do not follow me while I recite the Qur’an? They will not follow me unless I innovate for them other than it.‟ so beware of what is innovated. For that which is innovated is misguidance.[71]

7.  Ahmad Ibn Hanbal (r.a) once said

“The greatest sinner (faasiq) from the Ahl-Sunnah Wal Jamaah (one following Rasool and his companions) is better than the most pious person from Ahl-“Bid’ah”.

‘Abdullâh the son of Al-Imam Ahmad ibn Hanbal reports that his father, Al-Imam Ahmad, said, “The graves of Ahl Al-Sunnah who committed major sins are gardens (from Paradise) whilst the graves of the heretics (adherents of Bid’ah) who were ascetics are pits (from the Fire). The sinners from Ahl Al-Sunnah are the beloved (awlaiyya`) of Allah, whereas the ascetics of Ahl Al-Bid’ah are the enemies of Allâh.”[72]

8. Alî b. Abî Khâlid – Allâh have mercy on him – reports:

I once said to Ahmad, “This Shaykh – referring to an older man who was with us – is my neighbor. I told him not to keep the company of a certain person, and he would like to hear what you have to say about him: I am referring to Ḥārith Al-Qasîr (Al-Ḥārith Al-Muhâsibî). Many years ago, you saw me with him and told me not to sit with him nor speak with him. I have not spoken to him since that time. This Shaykh, however, does sit with him. So what do you say?”

I saw Ahmad go red with anger, his eyes bulging; I had never before seen him like this. He started to say, “Him! May Allâh do such-and-such to him! Only those well-informed of him know what he really is, only those who really know him know what he is. Al-Mughâzilî, Ya’qûb and so-and-so sat with him, and he caused them to adopt the views of Jahm (Ibn Safwân, leader of the Jahmites). They were destroyed because of him.”

The old man said, “But Abū ‘Abdillâh, he reports hadīth, and he is mild and humble; he has done such-and-such [good works].” Abū ‘Abdillâh (Imâm Ahmad) became angry and began repeating, “Let not his humility and softness deceive you”. He also said, “Do not be fooled by his bowed head, he is an evil man; only those well-informed of him through experience know him. Do not speak to him – with all disrespect to him. Are you going to sit with everyone who narrates from Allah’s Messenger – may the praise and peace of Allâh be upon him – though he be a heretic (mubtadi’)? No, with all disrespect.”[73]

9. Imam Ahmad(r.a) said:

“And let him not be of those who invent new matters [into the Deen], for whenever such a thing emerges from such a man, he seeks to find a proof for what he is doing. So he induces himself to do the impossible, searching for a proof for what he has brought out – whether valid or baseless – in order to beautify his innovation and his invention. And worse than that, is that he fabricates it – attributing it to some written text that has been conveyed about it. So he desires to beautify that with truth and falsehood.”[74]

10.’Umar ibn ‘Abd Allah-‘Azeez (r.a) said:

 “There is no excuse for anyone, after the Sunnah, to be misguided upon error which he thought was guidance.”[75]

Ibn Shahab reports that ‘Umar b. ‘Abd Al-’Azîz – Allah have mercy on him, said, “The Messenger of Allâh – Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him – and the authorities (leaders of the Muslims, the Caliphs ) after him set certain ways and practices. To follow those ways is to believe in Allâh’s Book and to complete [ones] obedience of Him, and to be strong upon the religion of Allâh. It is not for anyone to alter those ways or change them for something else, and it is not for anyone to consider the views and opinions of those who contradict them. Whoever follows what [the Prophet and his Caliphs] laid down will be guided, whoever seeks enlightenment through it will be enlightened. But whoever contradicts those ways and follows a way other than the way of the Believers, Allâh the Mighty and Majestic will leave him in the path he has chosen and land him in Jahannam (Hell); and what an evil destination that is.’”[76]
Umar Ibn ‘Abdil ‘Azeez also said:
“Stop where the (righteous) people have stopped! For indeed, they stopped upon receiving knowledge. The clear evidences would suffice them, and they were the strongest at manifesting them. If there were any merit in something, then they would be the most deserving of it. So if you say: ‘It was introduced after them’, then no one introduces something into it except that he has opposed their guidance, and desired other than their example. They have described it from what was sufficient, and they have spoken concerning it – what sufficed. What is above them is excursiveness, and what is below them is inadequacy. Some people have fallen short of them, and so they have drawn away. And others have transgressed them, so they have become extreme. But indeed they were between these two (extremes), upon a straight path.”[77]

11.  Sufyaan ath-Thawree (r.a) said:

 “Innovation is more beloved to Iblees than sin, since a sin may be repented from but innovation is not repented from.” [78]
Imam Sufyaan at-Thawri rahimahullaah also said: No statement is accepted/complete/truthful without enacting upon it, and no speech or action is accepted without (its proper) intention and no statement, action or intention is accepted until it is in accordance to the Sunnah.[79]
Sufyaan ath-Thawree (r.a) also said “Whoever listens to an innovator has left the protection of Allaah and is entrusted with the innovation.” [80]

12.. Imâm Al-Shafi’i said:
Whenever people of desires (heretics) came to Mālik he would say to them, “As for me, I am upon clarity as regards my religion. As for you, you are a doubter, go and argue with another doubter like yourself.”[81]

13.. Imam ash-Shafi’i 204 AH (May Allah have mercy on him) said:

 “There is no one whom I love to see make a mistake except for a person of innovation. For indeed, it is beloved to me to expose his affair to the people”[82]

Another similar matter has also been indicated by Imam Maalik (rahimahullaah) in a reported saying of his that ought to be recorded in golden ink. And it is his saying: “Whosoever introduces into Islam an innovation, which he deems is good, then he has claimed that Muhammad has betrayed (the trust of conveying) the Message. Read the saying of Allaah, the Mighty and Majestic: ‘This day I have completed your Religion for you, and I have perfected My favour upon you, and I am pleased with Islam as a Religion for you.’ [Surat-ul-Maa’idah: 3] So whatever was not (part of) the Religion on that day, is not (part of) the Religion on this day. And the last part of this Ummah (nation) will not be rectified, except by that which its first part was rectified by.”  

  1. Al-Baghawee (d.535H) rahimahu Allah said:

 “And the Sahaabah, the Taabi’een, their successors and the Scholars of the Sunnah passed away while they were upon this, united and unanimously agreed upon having enmity towards the People of Innovation and fleeing from them.”[83]
Al-Baghawee also said:

 “And the Prophetﷺ   has informed about the splitting of this Ummah and the appearance of desires and innovations within it. And he ruled that deliverance would be for the one who followed his Sunnah and the Sunnah of his Companions (radiyallahu anhu). Therefore, it is necessary for the Muslim when he sees a man engaging himself with anything from the desires and innovations, believing in them, or belittling anything from the Sunnah that he flees from him disowns him and leaves him — dead or alive. So he does not give salaam to him when he meets him and nor does he respond to him if he salutes first (and he should continue doing this) until this person abandons his innovation and returns to the truth.”[84]

15.  Al-Hasan al-Basree (r.a) said:

 “Do not sit with the people of innovation and desires, nor argue with them, nor listen to them.” [85]

Hasan Basri rahimahullaah also said: 
There is no benefit in statement without (accompanying it with) action, in action without speech and in speech and action without (the proper) intention and (there is no benefit in having an) intention except if it is in accordance to the Sunnah.[86]
               WARNING THE CHILDREN FROM BID’AH:

 Ibn Qayyim aj-Jawzeeyah (d.751 A.H.) -Rahimullaah- said:

‘Allah’s advice for fathers with their children precedes advice for children with their fathers.

So whoever was careless and negligent of educating his son, and leaves off benefiting him and leaving him useless, then he has been evil to him, extremely evil.

Indeed most children being corrupt is due to their fathers, and then being neglectful of them.

Them leaving their education of the Faraid (obligations) and the Sunan (practices of the Sunnah) of the religion, so they caused them to be lost when they were young. Then the fathers did not benefit from them when they were older.

Just like some fathers held it to be shameful that their children were disobedient, so the child says, O my father you showed disobedience to me when I was young, so now I’m being disobedient to you now that I am older. You caused me to be lost when I was a boy, so I caused you to be lost in your old age.’

[From ‘Tohafat al-Mowdood bi Ahkaam al-Mowlood’ p.387 also see page 229]

Khuwayl, the brother in-law of Shu’bah binul-Hajjaaj said: “I was with Yoonus bin’Ubayd, so a man came and said: “O Abu ‘Abdillah! You forbid us from gathering of ‘Amr bin’Ubayd, and your son has gone to him?” He (Yoonus) said: “My son?!” He said: “Yes.” So Yoonus became angry. So i didn’t leave until his son came, so he said: “O my son! You knew the opinion of ‘Amr bin’Ubayd, then you enter upon him?!” So he began to make excuses, so he said: ” (But) So and so was with me!” So Yoonus said: ” I prohibit fornication and stealing and drinking khamr (intoxicants), but for you to meet Allah Subahana wa ta’alaa with (all of) that is more beloved tom me than you meet with Him with the opinion of ‘Amr bin’Ubayd and the companions of ‘Amr-meaning the Qadariyyah. Sa’eed bin’Amr said: “We did not see any man who was better than him,” meaning Yoonus (bin’Ubayd).

Note: ‘Amr bin’Ubayd bin Baab al-Basree, al-Mutazilee, al-Qadaree from the heads of the Mutazilah and Qadariyyah and a caller to their innovated beliefs.

Ma’mar said: “ibn Taawoos was sitting, then a man from the Mutazilah cane and he began to speak.” He (Ma’mar) said: “So Ibn Tawoos put two fingers in his ears.” Hr. (Ma’mar) said: ” And he said to his son: ‘O my son! Put your fingers in your ears! (Put them in) farther! Don’t listen to anything from his speech!” Ma’mar said: ” Meaning, verily the heart is weak.”

Sharh Usool al-I’tiqaad of al-Laalikaa’ee (1/247)

It was said to Maalik bin Mighwal: “I saw your son playing with birds!” So he said: “How excellent that they distracted him from the companionship of an innovator.”

Ash-Sharhu wal-Ibaanah if Ibn Battah (#90)

Artaah binul-Mundhir said:” That my son be a faasiq from the faasiq is more beloved to me than he be a person of desires (i.e. innovation).”

Ash-Sharh wal-Ibaanah (#87)

Hammaad bin Zayd said: “Yoonus (bin’Ubayd) said to me:’O Hammaad!Indeed if I were to see a youth upon every evil condition, then I do not despair of his goodness until I see him accompany a person of bid’ah, for with that I know that he has been ruined.”

Ash-Sharh wal-Ibaanah (#94)

 They way of Ahul-Sunnah is not to sit with listen to or debate with Ahul bid’ah (the people of innovation) and to warn against them, as is clear in the books of the Salaf. And here we find the concern they had for the welfare of their children, and the youth, fearing for them and warning them from innovation and it’s people in order to preserve and protect their religion. You find that in every Khutbah he would give, whether the Khutbah of Jumu’ah or for a wedding or other than that, the Messenger of Allah Sallallahu alayhi wa Salam would raise his voice and his face would turn red and he would say, “The most evil of affairs are the newly invented affairs,” but there was not one innovation! He repeated this over and over in every Khutbah to ingrain this belief into the hearts of His Companions. Therefore, it is obligatory upon us to believe that innovation (bid’ah) is the most evil of affairs and to instill this belief into our children as well. And there are many narrations that show the evil and the danger of innovation. For example, the Messenger of Allah Sallallahu alayhi wa Salam said:

“There will be a people who these ahwaa’ (innovations) will flow through them just like rabies flows through the one who has been bitten. So there will not remain any joint except that it (innovation) enters into it.”(Kitaabus -Sunnah of Ibn Abee ‘Aasim (#1) And He said: “Beware of the newly invented affairs for indeed every innovation is misguidance.” (Kitaabus Sunnah (#31) Mu’aawiyyah narrated: “Indeed this Ummah will divide into 73 sects due to innovation, all of them in the fire except one, and it is the Jamaa’ah (the Companions).” (Kitaabus-Sunnah (#2) it is reported from Anas and Ibn ‘Umar that the Prophet Sallallahu alayhi wa Salam said: “Whoever desires other than my Sunnah then he is not from me.” (Kitaabus-Sunnah (#61&62) He Sallallahu alayhi wa Salam said: ” Indeed I have left you upon clear guidance, it’s night is like day in clarity. No one deviates from it after me except that he is destroyed.” (Kitaabus-Sunnah (#48) And the narrations from the Prophet Sallallahu alayhi wa Salam, his Companions and those who followed after them in this issue are many.

Taken from the Book Teaching children Tawheed By Shaykh ul-Islam Muhammad Bin’Abdul Wahab 

                                        CONCLUSION:

People usually fall in the fitnah of Bid’ah by observing the influx at Shrines or at the places of Saints, monks and so called scholars. This is a great whispering of Shay ‘tan that ‘majority is following it so it has to be the right way’. But Allah (s.w.t) clearly condemns this deception in these great Words:

‘’ And if you obey most of those upon the earth, they will mislead you from the way of Allah. They follow not except assumption, and they are not but falsifying. ‘’ [87]

 May Allah protect us from this great fitnah and generators of this Fitnah and guide us towards the path of Qur’an and Sunnah leading to Jannah Al-Firdus. Aameen Ya Rub ul-Allaameen

[1] Surah At-Tin, Ch: 95, verse:4

[2] Sahi Muslim: 86

[3] Al-Bukhari:2697–

[4] Surah Ash-Shura, Ch: 42, verse : 21

[5] Surah Al- Baqarah, Ch: 2, verse: 8-12

[6] Al-Baqarah, Ch: 2, verse:117

[7]Sahi al-Bukhari: 2697, Sahi Muslim: 1718

[8] Surah Ash-Shura Ch: 42, verse: 21

[9] Tirmidhī 3991,

[10] Majmoo’ Fataawa Ibn ‘Uthaymeen, vol :2, pg: 291

[11] Al-I’tisam, 1/37-39

[12] Jami’ al-Ulum al-Hikam of Ibn Rajab in explanation of the Hadeeth of al-Irbaad bin Saariyah (2/128).

[13] [Ref: Fath al-Bari (13/253).]

[14] Tafsir ibn-Kathir

[15]Tahdir al- Muslimin anil-Ibitidaa’ wal-Bida’fil-Din,

[16] Tirmidhī 2675, Muslim 1017

[17] Iqtida’ as-Siraat al-Mustaqeem 2/95-97

[18] Jaami‘al-‘Uloom wa’l-Hikam (2/783) 

[19]   Fataawa Noor ‘ala ad-Darb (3/33) 

  2o     Salaat at-Taraweeh (p. 50)                                         

 

 

[21]  (Adapted from Majmoo’ Fataawa Ibn ‘Uthaymeen, vol. 2, p. 293) 

[22] Surah Al-Baqarah, Ch: 2, verse: 159

[23] Surah Al-Baqarah, Ch: 2, verse: 174

[24] Surah Al-Tawbah, Ch :9, verse : 31

[25] Sahi Abi Dawood: 3851

[26] (Muslim, 1718)

[27] Sahi Al-Bukhari: 12/41

[28] Al-Kahf, Ch: 18, verse: 103-105

[29] Surah Al-Araf, Ch: 7, verse: 176

[30]Surah Al-A’raf, Ch: 7, verse: 162

[31] Surah Al-Baqarah, Ch: 2, Verse: 174

[32] Surah Al-Munafiqoon, Ch: 63, verse: 4

[33] Surah Al- Qasas, Ch: 28, verse: 50

[34] Surah Al-Jathiya, Ch: 45, verse: 23

[35] Al-An’aam, ch:6, verse: 70

Surah A;-Baqarah, Ch: 2, verse: 170, 171

[37] Surah Al-Araf, ch:7, verse: 173, 174

[38] Surah Al- Anbiya, Ch: 21, verse: 52, 54

[39] Surah Az-Zukhruf, Ch: 43, verse: 22-25

[40] Surah Ad-Dukhan, Ch: 44, verse: 58

[41] Surah: Al-Kahf, Ch: 18, verse: 55

[42] Narrated by Abu Dawood (4031); classed as Saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh Abi Dawood.

 

43 Surah : Al-Maa’idah, Ch 5: verse:51

 

44   Iqtida’ as-Siraat al-Mustaqeem (1/270-271)

 

[45] Surah Aal-e- Imran, Ch: 3, verse: 28

[46] Surah Al-Mujaadilah, Ch: 58, verse: 22

[47]Narrated by at-Tibrani and classed as Saheeh by al-Albaani in as-Silsilah as-Sahihah (998).

 

[48] Al-Faroosiyyah (p. 122).

 

[49] From a Khutbah entitled al-Hadith ‘ala Mukhalifaat al-Kuffar (Exhortation to be distinct from the Kuffar) 

 

[50] Surah Al-Anaam, ch:6, verse: 159

[51] ( [1] Tirmidhī, no. 2641; Ibn Nasr al-Marwari in As-Sunnah, no. 59; Al-Hākim in al-Mustadrak, 1/218; Al-Ājurrī in ash-Sharee’ah, no. 23; Al-Lālikā’ī in Sharh Usool al-I’tiqād, no. 147; Ibn Battah in al-Ibānah, no. 196; and many others. It has support from the hadīth of Anas reported by Tabarānī in Al-Awsat, no.7840; and in As-Saghīr, no. 724; It has been authenticated by a large body of scholars from the past and present, alhamdulillāh.)

 

[52] SURAH Al-Anfal, ch:8, verse:25

[53] Surah Al-Maeda, Ch: 5, verse:3

[54][Related by at-Tibrani in al-Awsat (4360), and authenticated by Shaikh Albaani in As-Saheeha (1620); Also : Authenticated by Al-Mundhiree, (At-Targheeb, 1/45), Ad-Diyaa’ (2054, 2055), Al-Haitamee (Az-Zawaajir, Kabeerah 51: Tark-us-Sunnah), Al-Ghumaaree (Al-Mudaawee, 2/262-263), Al-Albaani (As-Saheeha, 4/154; Zilaal-ul-Jannah, 37; Saheeh-ut-Targheeb, 54; Saheeh-ul-Jaami`, 1699; Al-Manaasik, p.44; Hajjat-un-Nabee, p. 101), Al-Hilaalee (Al-Bid`ah, p.130; Al-I`tisaam, 1/162, 2/782), Al-Halabee (`Ilm Usool-il-Bida`, p.33), Mashhoor Salmaan (Al-I`tisaam, 1/212, 112; Al-Mujaalasah, 6/398-399) and others.

 

[55] [Sahi al Bukhari, Vol. 8, Book 73, Hadith 189] 

[56] [Musnad Ahmad (16626) this is also one of the sayings of Hassan ibn ‘Atiyah (rh) reported in Al-Laalkaa’i in Sharh Usool I’tiqaad Ahl as-Sunnah wal-Jamaa’ah ]

 

[57] [Reported by Bukhari (12/41) and Muslim (9/140) and also Abu Dawood. This Hadeeth according to many scholars is meant for Makah and Madinah]

 

[58] [Reported by Ahmad, Ibn Majah (no. 43) and al-Hakim. It is declared Saheeh by Shaikh al-Albaani in as-Saheeha (no. 937).]

 

 

[59] [Reported by al-Bayhaqī in as-Sunan al-Kubraa (4/316)]

[Ibn Waddah al-Bidayahh an Nahaya (hadith 93) ]
[60]

[61] [Musnad Ishaaq ibn Rahaawy (482) . In Book as-Sunnah 10- Page 9, Shaykh Glulam Mustafa Zaheer said Isnaadu Saheeh and Sh. Zubayr r.a said likewise in his Majallah] 

 

[62] [ Related by Ad-Darami, Abu Shamaah (no. 39), Ibn Nasr in as-Sunnah (no. 82), al-Laalikaa’ee in Sharh Usoolul-Ftiqaad (no. 126) & Sharh I’tiqād Ahl as-Sunnah (1/92 or hadees 126 or Vol.1 , Page 134, Hadeeth 111), and by al-Bayhaqī in al-Madkhal (no. 191). Its authentic; Ahkaam al-Janaa’iz (258) , al mudakkhal Bayhaqī hadees 191 and Ibn Battah in Al-Ibânah Al-Kubraa Vol.1 p219, no. 213 and Islah al-Masajid (13). Salim Al-Hilaali said: “Its Isnaads (chain of narration) is as authentic as the sun!”]

63 [Ref: Ibn Majah, Al-Sunan, hadīth #4. Shaykh Al-Albānī graded this narration sahi in his edition of the Sunan.]

64 [Reported by Abu Khatamah in Khitab Ul-‘Ilm (no. 540) and declared Saheeh by Shaikh al-Albaani and reported in Ahmad in Az-Zuhd p. 162, Ad-Daarimee (no. 211), Al-Bayhaqī in Madkhal (no. 204), Wakee’ in Az-Zuhd (no. 315), Ibnut-Tararaanee in As-Sunnah (no. 104), Ibn Nasr in As-Sunnah (p. 23) and by Mujaahid in As-Sab’ah (p. 46]

65 [Sharh Usool `I’tiqaad Ahl al-Sunnah wal-Jamaa`ah (196, 1/136)]

 [66] [Ibn Waddah, Al-Bid’ah (Hadith 4)]

[67] [Narrated with a mursal chain of sound narrators from Abu Qilaba – who did not meet Ibn Mas`ood as stated by al-Haythami in Majma` al-Zawa’id (1:126) – by al-Darimi, al-Azdi in his Jami` (11:252), Ibn Waddah in al-Bida` (#25), Muhammad ibn Nasr al-Marwazi in al-Sunna (p. 29-30), al-Lalika’i in Sharh Usul I`tiqad Ahl al-Sunna (1:87 #108), al-Tabarānī in al-Kabir (9:170), and Ibn `Abd al-Barr in Jami` Bayan al-`Ilm (2:1202 #2363), the latter with a weak chain according to al-Zuhayri. Al-Darimi’s chain is strengthened by al-Bayhaqi’s uninterrupted chain to Ibn Mas`ood from the trustworthy Tabi`i `A’idh Allah ibn `Abd Allah in al-Madkhal (p. 272). ]

[68][related by Ibn abi Ya’la in Tabaqatul Hanaabilah (1/60) and Ibn Muflih in Adaabush -Shari’yyah (1/263)]

[69][Ref: Shawaat page 24 and Dr. Jamaal Zarbozoo’s book the authority and importance of Sunnah, page 20]

[70] [Ref: Ibn Battah in al-Ibaanah (2/803 , no. 1089. ) and Laalikaa’ee (1/63 – No. 18) and (1/64 – No. 20)]

[Ref: Reported by Aboo Dawud within his Sunan 4/202 in the Book of Sunnah; Chapter: Clinging to the Sunnah (no. 4611) Al-Albaani graded it Saheeh within Saheeh Abi Dawood (no. 4611)]

 

[72] [Ibn Abî Ya’lâ, Tabaqât Al-Hanâbilah Vol. 1 p182.]


73 [Tabaqât Al-Hanâbilah, article 325]

[74] [Al-Ibaanah, by Ibn Battah, 2/472]

[75][Al-Marwazee reports in as-Sunnah (no. 95)]

[76] [Al-Lâlakâ`î, Sharh Usûl I’tiqād Ahl Al-Sunnah 1:94.]

[Reported by Ibn Qudaamah in Al Burhaan li Bayaanil Qur’aan (p. 88-89). Also reported by al Haafidh Ibnul Jawzee in Manaqib Umar Ibn Abdil Azeez (p. 83-84), and by al Haafidh Ibn Rajab in Fadl Ilm as-Salaf [77] (p. 36)]

[78] [al-Laalikaa’ee – Sharh Usool I’tiqaad Ahlis-Sunnah wal-Jamaa’ah (no. 238)]

[79] [Ref: Hilyatul Awliyah (8/32), Hasan by Shaykh Ghulaam Mustafa Zaheer Ameenpuri hafidhahullah] 

 

 

[80] [Abu Nu’aym in al-Hilyah (7/26) and Ibn Battah (444)] 

 

[81] [Al-Dhahbî in Siyar A’lâm Al-Nubalâ’ under the biography of Imâm Mâlik.]

[82] Tabyeen Kadhab al-Muftari by Ibn Isaakar 340

 

[83] [Sharhus-Sunnah, 1/227]

[84] (Sharhus-Sunnah, 1/224) 

 

[85] [ad-Daarimee in his Sunan (1/121)]

[86] [Ref: Ibn Battah in al-Ibaanah (2/803 , no. 1089. ) and Laalikaa’ee (1/63 – No. 18) and (1/64 – No. 20)]

 

 

[87) Surah Al-Anam, Ch: 6, verse: 116

 

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